Hence, we find the Spirit being sent into the world to reveal truth on behalf of Christ (John 16:13-15), with the special mission of making the things of Christ known and magnifying the Father and the Son. (6) Spirit of Life affirms the eternal life of the Spirit (Rom 8:2). His sovereign purposes may not be understood, but it is clear that all is according to an infinite plan. It is His office as the Giver of prophetic inspiration which is most constantly spoken of in the books of Samuel and the Chronicles. (1) The unity of the Spirit is revealed in the title, One Spirit (Eph 4:4). In, on, among. They were not to think that their past spiritual experience had any character of finality. It should be clear from these citations that personality is absolutely necessary to explain these ministries. To offer, give; I put, place. Hence, it is possible to indicate merely the broad outlines of the argument for His deity. An interesting reference is John 3:34, speaking of the Spirit as not being poured out “by measure” on Christ. While this is not explicitly related to the Spirit, it is indicated in the context that the wind “filled all the house where they were sitting” (Acts 2:2), and that “they were filled with the Holy Ghost” (Acts 2:4). Meanings and Origins of Names. The Spirit of Life (Rom 8:2) is the agent of regeneration. 1:22 Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. How to use earnest in a sentence. As Charles Hodge puts it, “The personality of the Spirit has been the faith of the Church from the beginning. (3) The identity of the Holy Spirit and the Essence of the Trinity is affirmed in the title, The Lord the Spirit (2 Cor 3:18). The place itself he never can lose, inasmuch as his Head and Representative, Christ, occupies it on his behalf. The attribute of grace is found in two titles, (16) Spirit of Grace (Heb 10:29), and (17) Spirit of Grace and Supplication (Zech 12:10). Another instance of such association is found in the apostolic benediction recorded in 2 Corinthians 13:14. In connection with the sending forth of the dove from the ark by Noah, Dr. Herbert Mackenzie finds in the account an indication of the dispensational character of the ministry of the Spirit. It was used in the anointing of the priests and the consecration of the tabernacle (Lev 8). That it is used typically in reference to the Holy Spirit is clear from John 4:14; 7:38-39. In addition to these sacred uses, it was used as food (Rev 6:6), medicine (Mark 6:13), and even as a means of commodity exchange (1 Kgs 5:11).23. Every aspect of the truth regarding the Holy Spirit speaks in eloquent terms of His deity. Embraced in this opening article are the following major divisions of the Person of the Holy Spirit: (1) The Personality of the Holy Spirit; (2) The Deity of the Holy Spirit; (3) the Procession of the Holy Spirit; (4) The Titles of the Holy Spirit; (5) The Types of the Holy Spirit. (6) Holiness is frequently assigned the one who is distinctively known as the Holy Spirit (Luke 11:13). The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro by Frederick Douglass. John F. Walvoord, long-time president of Dallas Theological Seminary, was one of the most prominent evangelical scholars of his generation. Ephesians 1:14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory. The inconsistency of this position drove Arius and his followers finally to renounce completely the personality of the Spirit, and, as Hodge points out, no further attempt in this direction has been made since. The eternity of the Spirit (7) is evidenced also in Scripture (Heb 9:14). It is a present possession (as in Acts 7:5), which shall be developed into a more precious future. It is in keeping with the baptismal formula mentioned in Matthew 28:19 where the Holy Spirit is associated on an equal basis with the Father and the Son, whose personality is generally accepted. in time. It is the believer’s privilege ever to be in the presence of God. Procession like the eternal generation of Christ is not a matter of creation, commencement of existence, or analogous in any way with physical relationships common in the human realm. The field of typology is rich, and has been unfortunately ignored by theologians. The many aspects revealed speak of His infinite Person, equal in power and glory with the Father and the Son. It has few opponents even in the chaotic period of theology; and in modern times has been denied by none but Socinians, Arians, and Sabellians.”4. He is considered perhaps the world's foremost interpreter of biblical prophecy.John is perhaps best known for his bestselling work on Bible prophecy, Armageddon... More, Q. So, unseen by the natural eye, He may be observed in what He does. While there is some distinction in meaning in the various titles, the chief significance is to bring out the relationship of the Holy Spirit as the Third Person of the Trinity, all affirming His deity and procession. John 3:8 uses the word for spirit to represent wind instead of the more common word (πνεῦμα for ἀνεμος). The several instances point to details of the confirming evidence. ), in Ezekiel (590 B.C. The transcendence of the Spirit is indicated (15) in the title, Free Spirit (Ps 51:12). The Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father; the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son.”12. The figure would seem to indicate that the presence and power of the Holy Spirit is our protection from the world and our official vestment. The references in the Old Testament are manifold in that the very word for Spirit is variously translated wind, breath, air, blast, etc., as well as spirit. The precise meaning of the Spirit's role in Romans 8:26-27 is variously interpreted, though it is usually associated with the regulation and purification of our requests as the interpreter of the mind of God. We may conclude as Charles Hodges does: “He is therefore presented in the Scriptures as the proper object of worship, not only in the formula of baptism and in the apostolic benediction, which bring the doctrine of the Trinity into constant remembrance as the fundamental truth of our religion, but also in the constant requirement that we look to Him and depend on Him for all spiritual good, and reverence and obey Him as our divine teacher and sanctifier.”8. F. E. Marsh adds to these suggestions that (5) “Among men a seal signifies a finished transaction”; (6) that the seal constitutes a mark of recognition; (7) that the seal implies secrecy and (8) obligation; and that “the seal leaves an impression upon the wax which corresponds to it,” i.e., is evidenced in the life of the believer.24 It is an evidence of the grace of God that such assurance should be given the believer in this age. It is used of judgment on the lost more frequently than in reference to the saved, as in Acts 2:3. In a discussion of the Person of the Holy Spirit, few writers will claim any large degree of originality. As His Person is pure spirit, to which no material is essential, He is revealed in the Scriptures as the Spirit. The very character of His works makes it impossible to interpret the Scriptures properly without assuming His personality. (1) The Holy Spirit is revealed as possessing life (Rom 8:2). We may see, then, in the work of both the Son and the Spirit, an illustration of the respective doctrines of eternal generation and procession. Our inheritance, our salvation, our glory, our fellowship with God, our likeness unto Him, our freedom from sin and its evils, all are represented in the token payment of the Person of the Spirit. A comparison of Scriptures often reveals an association of the Persons of the Trinity in terms which infer equality of association. (1) The Spirit of Adoption (Rom 8:15) has reference to His revelation of our adoption as sons. According to the Scriptures, it is possible to sin against the Holy Spirit (Isa 63:10); grieve Him (Eph 4:30); reverence Him (Ps 51:11); and obey Him (Acts 10:19-21). All agree that the term Jehovah is a title of deity. Religious Beliefs and Fundamentalism. The Christian indwelt by the Holy Spirit is indwelt by God (1 Cor 3:16; 6:19; Eph 2:22). The third outgoing of the dove is typical of the present ministry of the Holy Spirit in redemption.20. While the instances of association are not as conclusive in their argument as those proving the identification of the Holy Spirit and God, their added weight makes the case for the deity of the Holy Spirit more clearly irrefragable. In verse 13, the Holy Spirit was called a "seal;" here He is also called a guarantee. Expressions like the breath of his lips (Isa 11:4), and the breath of his nostrils (2 Sam 22:16) in reference to God, while anthropomorphisms, connote the power of the Spirit. Mr. President, Friends and Fellow Citizens: He who could address this audience without a quailing sensation, has stronger nerves A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc. Jehovah is used of all three Persons of the Trinity severally as well as of the Trinity corporately. The Privileges Of A Believer: The Earnest Of The Spirit. The Greek word for "earnest" (arrhabon), which occurs here for the first time, and is used only by St. Paul in the New Testament (2Corinthians 5:5; Ephesians 1:14), has a somewhat interesting history. Part of the purchase-money or property given in advance as security for the rest. All instances, of course, do not involve typology, but the connection of physical life with spirit is interesting. While it is not the purpose of the present discussion to examine the nature of His works, it is sufficient proof of His personality merely to name them. [Author’s note: This article is the first of a series on the Doctrine of the Holy Spirit. 'Earnest' there is from the Greek word 'Arrabon' - this is Gk. The third outgoing of the dove is typical of the present ministry of the Holy Spirit in redemption.20, The accepted meaning of ἀρραβών, translated earnest in its three occurrences in the New Testament (2 Cor 1:22; 5:5; Eph 1:14), is that of a pledge or token payment. In Exodus it is as the Spirit of wisdom that He is specially-and exclusively-regarded. They were to be clothed with power. (2) Perfection is the implication of the title, Seven Spirits (Rev 1:4; 3:1). It was used by the Greek orator Isaeus, and by Plautus and Terence among the earlier Latin writers. From the explicit revelation of the attributes of the Holy Spirit, it may be concluded that His deity is given further evidence against which no argument could stand. The abundant creedal evidence while not possessing the infallible inspiration of the Bible may be taken as conclusive proof that the large portion of evangelical Christendom accepts without question this doctrine. No valid reason may be found for this except as indicating His personality. Personal Causes. From these several identifications, an inescapable conclusion is reached of the deity of the Holy Spirit. Christ spoke of being “harmless as doves” (Matt 10:16), and reference is made to the selling of doves in the temple for sacrifice (Matt 21:12; Mark 11:15; Luke 2:24; John 2:14, 16). In several instances, however, the masculine pronouns are found (John 15:26; 16:13, 14). “What does the Scripture mean by saying that the Holy Spirit is 'the earnest of our inheritance' in Ephesians 1:14?” My Reply: Okay. Apostle Grace Lubega 2 Corinthians 1:20-22 (KJV); For all the promises of God in him are yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of God by us. The significance of the singular points to the fact that the final name of God is, “Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.” The Holy Spirit is essential to the Triune God. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his…. He is not seeking His own glory any more than the Son sought His own glory while in the period of humiliation. Thus, the Holy Spirit is the arbiter, director, and interpreter of all our wishes. Abundant revelation is given in the titles of the Holy Spirit to disclose His attributes. Life on a moral plane is always associated with personality. In any case, the instances are numerous and well scattered throughout the Old Testament. While the variations in the views of doctrine on the Person of the Holy Spirit have been many, the great body of orthodox and conservative theology has held to the personality of the Spirit, the proofs of which may be here considered. The experience of the Christian life and faith enters into these realities and affirms that it is most natural for Christians to regard the Holy Spirit as they would regard a person. A mere influence or emanation does not possess the attributes of life, even if it should proceed from God. This has been the position of the orthodox body of Christians from the beginning. The Scriptures make it clear. (3) The deity of the Holy Spirit is conclusive evidence of personality, as sustained in the material upholding the deity of the Holy Spirit to be given in a later section. On the day of Pentecost, in connection with the work of the Spirit on that occasion, “tongues like as of fire” touched each of the believers (Acts 2:3). For the sake of analysis, however, His Person will be considered first, with reference to His work only where necessary, leaving to later discussion the aspects of His work throughout the ages. The type is nowhere explained in Scripture. The doctrine of procession is based on Scripture and on inference. Should an Unbeliever Partake of Communion? Ephesians 1:14 The word translated guarantee ("earnest," KJV) in reference to the Holy Spirit means "a pledge," "a security that more will follow." As Charles Hodges states: “He is introduced as a person so often, not merely in poetic or excited discourse, but in simple narrative, and in didactic instructions; and his personality is sustained by so many collateral proofs, that to explain the use of the personal pronouns in relation to Him on the principle of personification, is to do violence to all the rules of interpretation.”3 The Greek of the New Testament is quite explicit in confirming the personality of the Holy Spirit by use of the pronouns. Paul told us in verse 13 that the Holy Spirit has sealed us. word No 728 in Strong's Concordance system. It is clear that if the Holy Spirit is God, He is also a person. Synonyms for meaning include definition, sense, denotation, elucidation, explanation, explication, interpretation, connotation, description and exposition. As applied by St. Paul, it had the force of a condensed parable, such as the people of commercial cities like Corinth and Ephesus would readily understand. 1.1.1. earnest in our study. The context does not indicate definitely what the “tongues like as of fire” represented. Apart from other blessings of the presence of the Holy Spirit is the significant fact that He in all the wonder of His Person should be indwelling the saint. the thoughts or feelings; also the middle. The accepted meaning of ἀρραβών, translated earnest in its three occurrences in the New Testament (2 As the Holy Spirit possesses life, personality is necessary. It proceeds rather from the very nature of the Godhead, being necessary to its existence. Accordingly, it is of great significance that this title is given the Holy Spirit. Grammatically, the "earnest of the Spirit" may be taken as an example of the genitive of apposition, "the earnest which is the Spirit. From the various lines of evidence, it is clear that the only tenable position for those who accept the Scriptures is to accept the full-orbed personality of the Holy Spirit. As πνεῦμα is neuter, it would naturally take neuter pronouns to have grammatical agreement. The use of clothing as a figure to reveal spiritual truth is prominent in Scripture as evidenced in other connections in Scripture (2 Cor 5:3; Eph 4:24; 6:11-17; Col 3:10, 12; 1 Thess 5:8; Rev 19:8, 13, 14). “The earnest” is the down payment”, and the “redemption of the purchased possession” is the resurrection from … ; They are never more earnest to disturb us, than when they see us most earnest in this duty. The sum of this revelation is such that it constitutes conclusive evidence for the deity of the Holy Spirit. Blasphemy in its nature is an act against deity. Of what is the Spirit the Earnest? In the plural, it sometimes signifies distress and tribulation (Ps 69:2, 14). His power is uncontrolled by human invention. The doctrine of the deity of the Holy Spirit has an intimate logical relation to the doctrine of the personality of the Spirit. Don't expect too much out of … In reference to the Spirit, then, water speaks of eternal life, of cleansing by washing, of the unlimited abundance of blessing, and spiritual refreshment. Hence, the Holy Spirit is accorded the same honor, position, and ministry as the other members of the Trinity. In the baptismal formula of Matthew 28:19, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are related on an equal basis. The most obvious difficulty with the view of the Greek Church is that the Holy Spirit is operative in the Old Testament, and the procession was then a fact (Ps 104:30). The joy of the Spirit is the joy we feel from the promises of Christ. In Isaiah, and in the Psalms, the twofold teaching concerning Him is His connection with the Messiah on the one hand, and what may be called His personal qualities, such as being grieved, or vexed, by ingratitude or rebellion, on the other.”15. According to Young’s Concordance, there are one hundred and seventy-five references to oil in the Old Testament and a dozen instances in the New Testament, the most notable being Matthew 25:3-8; Hebrews 1:9; James 5:14. His works indicate intelligence, knowledge, and the normal functions of personality. Causes of Extremism. Earnest definition is - characterized by or proceeding from an intense and serious state of mind. Without a doubt, the most tangible and conclusive evidence for the personality of the Holy Spirit is found in His works. The New Testament word for the Spirit, πνεῦμα, is found in two hundred and sixty-two passages, according to Cummings, scattered throughout all the major New Testament books.16 To quote Cummings, “The Gospels contain fifty-six passages; the Acts of the Apostles, fifty-seven; St. Paul’s Epistles, one hundred and thirteen; and the other books, thirty-six.”17 From these facts, it may be clearly seen that there is consistent reference to the Holy Spirit from Gen 1:2 to Rev 22:17, and the inference is plain that a constant ministry of the Holy Spirit is maintained suitable for each dispensation. To this end, this article will constitute another voice testifying to the fact that the study of the Persons of the Trinity is foundational to all theological truth. As Christ became an obedient Son in doing the Father’s will, so the Holy Spirit in procession became obedient to the Father and the Son. (3) The ministry of the Holy Spirit in effecting the sanctification of the believer is another illustration (2 Thess 2:13). While the Father sends the Son and the Spirit, the Son never sends the Father, but does send the Spirit. While the statements vary, the fact of the procession is clearly stated in all as being eternal and distinguished from generation. Oil played an important part in the sacrifices (Lev 1-7). the holy spirit being an earnest Now let us look at verse 14: "Who is the pledge of our inheritance unto the redemption of the acquired possession, to the praise of His glory." From the nature of the dove, however, it may be inferred that it speaks of beauty, gentleness, peace, and a heavenly nature. Originally a Hebrew word, from a verb meaning "to mix," "to change," "to pledge," and so used, as a cognate noun, with the last of the three senses, it appears simply transliterated in the LXX. Of Hebrew origin; a pledge, i.e. So we now have “the earnest of our inheritance, which is the holy spirit of promise” and are sealed with that spirit “until the redemption of the purchased possession”. The two doctrines are mutually sustaining. 1 Cor 3:13). Romans 8:9,14-16,23 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. In a different way, Isaiah experienced such a cleansing and preparation in his call to service (Isa 6:6, 7). In like manner, the presence of the Holy Spirit is said to be the presence of God. The doctrine of procession has to do with the being and eternity of the Holy Spirit in His relation to the Father and the Son. The reference to baptism by fire in Matt 3:11-12 apparently is not connected with a work of the Spirit at any time, referring rather to the purging accomplished by Christ Himself for the nation Israel at His second coming, and by application, the destruction of the flesh and its works at the judgment seat of Christ. Typology in relation to the doctrine of the Holy Spirit is not of great importance, but the eight major types of the Spirit discussed here will add their revelation to other fields of investigation. Accordingly Hodge states, “Since the fourth century his true divinity has never been denied by those who admit his personality.”5 In the fourth century Arius held originally according to Watson6 that the Spirit was created and hence affirmed in part His personality without affirming His deity. The use of name in the singular is worthy of note. Two approaches are possible for the doctrine of the attributes of the Spirit. 3. If the Holy Spirit were not God, it would not be possible to commit this sin. An extensive argument for the deity of the Holy Spirit is found in His works, the extended study of which will be the subject of later discussion. Many of us know what it is to crouch on the floor and cry out to the Holy Spirit for joy and power, and experience nothing; but the next day devote ourselves to earnest meditation on the glory of Jesus Christ and be filled with the Spirit. 19 Emblems of the Holy Spirit, pp. In speaking of the Son, the Scriptures affirm His generation eternally (Ps 2:7), while in speaking of the Spirit, the word proceed is used, as we have seen. It may be concluded therefore, without further summation of the arguments, that the case for the deity of the Holy Spirit is impregnable. The use of personal pronouns in relation to the Holy Spirit in Scripture is sufficiently frequent to justify a conclusion that He is a person. The inference from John 15:26 is certainly that of an eternal relation. The use of a dove as a type of the Holy Spirit is strikingly brought to our attention in the description of the baptism of Christ. The order of discussion is alphabetical. The reference is to the work of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost. But although he can not lose the thing itself, he can very easily lose the enjoyment of it, the experience and power of it. Eleven titles are found relating the Holy Spirit to the Father: (1) Spirit of God (Gen 1:2; Matt 3:16); (2) Spirit of the Lord (Luke 4:18); (3) Spirit of Our God (1 Cor 6:11); (4) His Spirit (Num 11:29); (5) Spirit of Jehovah (Judg 3:10); (6) Thy Spirit (Ps 139:7); (7) Spirit of the Lord God (Isa 61:1); (8) Spirit of your Father (Matt 10:20); (9) Spirit of the living God (2 Cor 3:3); (10) My Spirit (Gen 6:3); (11) Spirit of Him (Rom 8:11). (2) The Holy Spirit possesses life (Rom 8:2) which is an essential of personality. life (līf) n. pl. The attributes of omniscience (1 Cor 2:10-11) is evidence of the existence of mind and intelligence on a plane of deity. The work of the Holy Spirit in creation and all subsequent operations involves the procession of the Spirit. God put it in his heart. The proof of the deity of the Holy Spirit is extensive to the point where it is impossible to display all the possible ramifications of the argument. Paul says, “Thanks be to God who puts the same earnest care for you into the heart of Titus.” Titus loved the Corinthians. Water in the form of dew may be taken to indicate the refreshing work of the Spirit in the midst of spiritual darkness (Gen 27:28; Hos 14:5). Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the. Question: "What is the seal of the Holy Spirit?" The Spirit of Truth (John 14:17) has a similar idea. (2) The attribute of personality has abundant witness as already demonstrated. The abundance in which water has been created gives rise to a variety of meanings. In 2 Samuel 23:2, 3, the Spirit of Jehovah and the God of Israel are identified. ”a helper, succorer, aider, assistant; so of the Holy Spirit destined to take the place of Christ with the apostles.”18 It is found frequently in the New Testament (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7). The use of the masculine form, ἐκεῖνος, makes the personality of the Holy Spirit clearly the intent of the passage. Q. On the part of the Holy Spirit, the eternal procession of the Spirit issued in the ministry which ensued. Sam 10:1 ; 16:13, 14 ) F. E. Marsh goes far to illustrate the beauties in this frequently verse. The earnest of the Holy Spirit is omnipresent ( Ps 139:7 ), which is the implication of the is... Scriptures properly without assuming His personality typical generally of judgment on the doctrine of Old... What He does noted that the Scriptures explicitly affirm that the Scriptures without... 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