References & Resources Foley, M. (2009, September 30). [37], The main impact in Tonga was in the northern part of the island kingdom where there were deaths, injuries and extensive damage[38] on Niuatoputapu, a flat coral island[39] 500 km north of the main island Tongatapu, and reportedly closest to the epicentre of the earthquake. [45] Three people are missing and four sustained serious injuries. The government had initially feared a wave of approximately 90 cm (35 in), with the ability to strike all parts of the sprawling territory. Le séisme de 2009 aux Samoa est un séisme intra-plaque[1] qui s'est produit le 29 septembre 2009 à 17 h 48 min UTC (6 h 48 min heure locale), à environ 200 km au sud-ouest d'Apia, la capitale de l'archipel des Samoa, avec une magnitude de 8[2], suivi d'un tsunami qui a touché les îles Samoa et Tonga. The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). [47] Residents of the Society Islands, which include the tourist resort areas of Tahiti and Moorea, were advised to move above 5 m (16 ft) above sea level, for safety. Prime Minister Malielegaoi lost two relatives in the tsunami, including the daughter of one of his nieces. [10], Confirmed death tolls rose to 22 people, with many people still missing in the villages of Leone and Pago Pago. [11] The main electricity generator in Satala had been damaged, which knocked out power from the central village of Faga'alu across Tutuila to the eastern village of Onenoa. Het was de grootste en zwaarste aardbeving van 2009. [34], On 2 October 2009, an estimated 3000 people were homeless and seeking refuge in shelters set up around the worst-affected villages. [73] Officials were determining whether the tsunami could reach Hawaii, the center said. Leone a small village on a bay was particularly hard-hit. The tsunami was generated by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake that occurred about 190 km southwest of American Samoa at 6:48 a.m. Samoa Standard Time. mceer.buffalo.edu Massive earthquake (8.0 magnitude) creates tsunami in Samoa; get the latest news from the BBC, New York Times, USGS, & other authorities. [46], The government appealed for clothing and bedding donations for residents in Niuatoputapu. Tutuila island, which is located 250 This recognition promotes the territory’s ongoing efforts at hardening its warning dissemination (sirens, emergency alert system, social media), conducting regular community and school outreach, and creating evacuation maps and response plans with regular drills. For more information on how you can prepare for a tsunami, visit the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program. [32], The Prime Minister made his first address to the nation, after the tsunami, on 1 October. Das Erdbeben bei den Samoainseln war ein schweres Erdbeben am 29. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial damage and loss of life in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. The New Zealand Red Cross appeal raised donations amounting to almost NZ$3.5 million. [47] Five small tsunami waves, measuring 25–70 cm (10–28 in) were recorded off the coast of Papeete, Tahiti, between 11:10 am and 12 noon local time on Tuesday. NCEI is the global data and information service for tsunamis. United States Geological Survey. An RNZAF C-130 Hercules with medical staff and supplies, makeshift morgues, stretchers, tents and food was sent on the 30th. [18] Journalist Cherelle Jackson reported that the city quickly emptied in the aftermath of the earthquake and tsunami, "All the schools, workplaces everyone has walked up – it's like a ghost town. Abstract—On September 29, 2009, an Mw = 8.1 earthquake at 17:48 UTC in Tonga Trench generated a tsunami that caused heavy damage across Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga islands. [48], The Guardian reported 189 deaths; 149 in Samoa, 31 American Samoa, 9 Tonga (2 October 2009). [41] An adviser to the prime minister, Lopeti Senituli, later said the amount of damage to buildings has been downgraded to 60%. Both political leaders immediately returned to Samoa. With over $200 million dollars in damages, the islands were ravaged both physically and economically. Power outages were reported, and phone lines were jammed. Created community-driven evacuation maps and signage. [46] Tonga's acting Prime Minister Lord Tuita said the government is sending a second plane to Niuatoputapu, but that communication links have been damaged. September 2009 um 17:48:10 Uhr UTC (6:48:10 Uhr Ortszeit). [34], There were no reports of any damage to Vavaʻu island group or to the main island of Tongatapu, where the capital, Nukuʻalofa, is. In the main villages of Hihifo, Falehau, and Vaipoa, flow heights measured 4 to 7 meters. Also, visit NCEI’s Natural Hazards website for more earthquake and tsunami data, images, and educational materials. It was the largest earthquake of 2009. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. The United States said federal aid would be made available to combat the devastation. A tsunami is a series of waves, not just a single wave. The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). Reference: Kong, L., P. Dunbar, and N. Arcos (2015). These include Coconuts Beach Resort[25] and Sinalei Reef Resort and Spa[26] in the village of Siumu. REUTERS/Tim Wimborne [dead link][12] Tulafono was monitoring events in American Samoa, but was having difficulties reaching the territory because of communications failures. With over 30 deaths in the U.S. territory of American Samoa, the 2009 event caused the largest number of deaths in America due to a tsunami in the 21st Century. El terremoto de Samoa de 2009 fue un sismo de magnitud 8,3 en la escala Richter que afectó el archipiélago de Samoa a las 06:48:11 hora local del 29 de septiembre de 2009 (17:48:11 UTC). 2009年サモア沖地震(2009ねんサモアおきじしん)は、2009年 9月29日にサモア諸島で発生した地震である [3]。発生時刻はサモア時間午前6時48分(日本時間午前2時48分)、震源地はサモアの首都アピアの南沖190km、震源の深さ18km、モーメントマグニチュード(Mw)8.1 [4] [5] [6] [77][78] Shocks with magnitude 6.0 or higher are highlighted in light blue. But by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists were struck a devastating blow when a massive earthquake hit 120 miles off the coast of the islands, triggering a tsunami that killed hundreds. Doordat de aardbeving plaatsvond op 33 km diepte, ontstond er een tsunami. New Zealand Prime Minister John Key arrived in Samoa on 3 October and visited some of the most damaged areas on Upolu including the villages of Poutasi and Lalolamu. [47], High Commissioner Adolphe Colrat cancelled the tsunami red alert at 12:03 pm on Tuesday for all areas of French Polynesia except the Marquesas. Countries affected by the tsunami in the areas that were hit are American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga (Niuatoputapu) where more than 189 people were killed, especially children, most of them in Samoa. This tsunami was generated by an 8.1 magnitude earthquake near the Samoan Islands on September 29, 2009. Pacific Tsunami Warning System: A Half-Century of Protecting the Pacific 1965-2015. A United Nations coordinator was scheduled to travel to Tonga to support early recovery initiatives in areas such as 'health, sanitation, water, infrastructure, psychological support, agriculture and fishing'. [11] The Satala electrical plant may be out of service for a month or more until repairs can be made, with the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA) stating that power will be out indefinitely. [40] A Tongan government spokesman Alfred Soakai said 90% of homes had been destroyed as well as serious damage to the hospital. 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami Tonga Trench south of the Samoa Islands and north of New Zealand. [50], New Zealand dispatched RNZAF P-3 Orions to assess the damage and search for bodies. Samoa Islands Tsunami on Sep. 29, 2009 We have simulated the tsunami generated from the the Samoa earthquake (15.509 S, 172.034 W, Mw = 8.0 at 17:48:10 UTC according to USGS) on September 29, 2009… [11] The water division of the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA) announced that it will bring water in tanker trucks to affected villages. However, the events of September 29 involved a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on a normal fault within the outer rise; and the other magnitude 8.0 earthquake occurred on the subduction zone as a thrust event. [33] Niue was reported as reasonably safe because it is high. [9] He told reporters that because of the tight knit communities and strong family bonds, "I don't think anybody is going to be spared this disaster. [47] Unlike the other islands of French Polynesia, the Marquesas have no protective coral reefs which would absorb the impact of a potential tsunami. A mother at the Taufua Beach Fales in Lalomanu watched her three young children swept away by the tsunami. Lieutenant Governor Ipulasi Aitofele Sunia announced that the earthquake had caused severe damage to American Samoa's electrical infrastructure. [11], U.S. President Barack Obama declared a major disaster for its dependent territory, American Samoa, allowing federal funds to be used for rescues, life support, and public health and safety measures. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone.The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a … (2009, September 29). [72] Most of the warnings were called off once it was clear that the tsunami threat had passed. Oxfam New Zealand set up a rapid response emergency fund at their website. And the tsunami struck exactly when Samoa was already facing the full force of the global economic crisis. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami killed … A large tsunami was induced due to an M8.3 earthquake generated in a subduction zone off Samoa Islands in the South Pacific Ocean, at 6:48 on 29 September 2009 (local time). [21], A Red Cross worker reported to Radio New Zealand that waves 10 feet (3 m) high had flattened beachside resorts on Upolu,[28] and that residents told him the tourist zone of Lalomanu had been crushed by a wall of water about 20–30 ft (6.1–9.1 m) high. [5] The quake occurred on the outer rise of the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. On an idyllic Monday night in 2009, the palm-lined coasts of the American Samoa, Samoa, and Tonga Islands looked peaceful and serene. According to the December 26 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 26.4% of the contiguous U.S. [9], A beach village was reported to have been "wiped out", killing at least 14 people after the earthquake had sent residents fleeing for higher ground. [46], Relief efforts undertaken by the Tongan government and Red Cross focused on Niuatoputapu, with support from Australia, New Zealand and France. This is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, where tectonic plates in the Earth's lithosphere meet and earthquakes and volcanic activity are common. [72] Officials in the Cook Islands, which hosted the 2009 Pacific Mini Games, noted that the tsunami passed without any damage to the country. [74], A tsunami advisory was issued for coastal California and the San Francisco Bay Area beginning at 9:00 pm local time as a precaution.[75][76]. Global historical tsunami data, including more information about the Samoa Islands 2009 earthquake and tsunami, are available via interactive maps and a variety of web services. The deadly 2009 tsunami was triggered by at least two separate earthquakes occurring within 2–3 minutes of each other near the Tonga Trench, one of the most seismically active areas in the world. Das Hypozentrum des untermeerischen Bebens lag in 18 km Tiefe, etwa 190 Kilometer süd-südwestlich der Insel Upolu (Samoa) und rund 180 km südwestlich der Insel Tutuila … More than 120 persons were suffered to death. [24], A number of tourist resorts are located on Upolu's south coast. The earthquake was felt in American Samoa for up to 3 minutes, giving emergency responders, local government officials, and the public time to respond to natural warning signs because they understood the threat. [56] [52][53][54] The New Zealand government also pledged over NZ$12 million for relief efforts.[55]. Concern centered on the Marquesas Islands, the northernmost archipelago in French Polynesia. Accessed September 30, 2009. [27], The eastern part of the island remains without power or water supplies after the earthquake. "So much has gone. Samoa Earthquake and Tsunami of September 29, 2009 Multiple reconnaissance teams traveled to Samoa in October and November 2009, and contributed to the preparation of this report. The first earthquake measured 8.1 on the Richter Scale, the second two earthquakes measured 7.8 on the Richter Scale. 29 SEPTEMBER 2009 SAMOA TSUNAMI A. Annunziato1, G. Franchello1, E. Ulutas2, T. De Groeve1 1 – Joint Research Centre, European Commission 2 – University of Kocaeli, Turkey The mission of the JRC-IPSC is to provide [72] Warnings also remained in Tuvalu, one of the lowest lying countries in the world.[72]. Prior to the 2009 tsunami, American Samoa had one community hospital, one pharmacy, few physicians and clinicians, limited commercial air service, and limited support infrastructure; however, the islands Samoa's prime minister, Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi, said damage on the nation's two main islands, which contain almost all the 180,000 population, was extensive. In this region, the Pacific plate subducts westward beneath the Australia plate at the Tonga Trench. A television sits at the water's edge at the tsunami destroyed village of Saleapaga on Samoa's southern coast October 2, 2009. [29] The cliffs above Lalomanu were scoured out to a height of 10–15 m (33–49 ft).[30]. In 2009, about 950 people lived on Niuatoputapu. [11] A new power plant at Satala is expected to be commissioned on 25 May 2017. At least 77 people were reported dead in … In 2017, UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) recognized Samoa’s first UNESCO IOC Tsunami Ready community, a pilot project that recognizes tsunami mitigation, preparedness, and response activities. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. The monument is called the Healing Garden. Thanks to education and outreach efforts held over the summer and fall of 2009, many organizations and individuals knew the signs of an impending tsunami and had developed tsunami evacuation plans. 09/29/2009 Earthquake in Samoa (Samoa Islands) with a magnitude of 8.1. But by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists were struck a devastating blow when a massive earthquake hit 120 miles off the coast of the islands, triggering a tsunami that killed hundreds. This is an extremely rare event, known as a “doublet.”. [ NOAA ] On an idyllic Monday night in 2009, the palm-lined coasts of the American Samoa, Samoa, and Tonga Islands looked peaceful and serene. [9] The water flowed inland about 100 yd (100 m) before receding, leaving some cars stuck in the mud. On an idyllic Monday night in 2009, the palm-lined coasts of the American Samoa, Samoa, and Tonga Islands looked peaceful and serene. Media in category "2009 Samoan Islands tsunami" The following 34 files are in this category, out of 34 total. It was possible that a strongly decreased wave could reach Hawaii. The tsunami also reached American Samoa, Samoa, Wallis and Futuna, , United States. Similar to American Samoa, knowledge of the threat and recognition of a tsunami’s natural warning signs saved many lives in Samoa. [22] [20] The hardest hit areas in Samoa appear to be Fagaloa Bay on the east coast of Upolu, Lalomanu on the south east coast, and along the rest of the southern coast of the island,[18] with one hospital in Apia reporting it had received 79 bodies. 1 doctor, 2 nurses and one logistics expert, all members of our emergency medical staff will carry a total of 600 kg [sic] of medical material that will be dispatched locally by the FRANZ authorities. [42] There are three main villages on Niuatoputapu: Hihifo and Falehau, which were hit by three waves, some 6m high, and the village of Vaipoa, which received less damage. The Sa'Moana Resort is in the village of Salamumu. Reliant on remittances and tourism, the economy of Samoa shrunk by 5.2 percent in 2009, as things got tougher in sending countries, and the nation’s only major manufacturer—an automotive components plant—laid off more than 1,550 workers. [31] Samoan officials confirmed the runway at Faleolo International Airport on Upolu was safe by early afternoon (30 September 2009). At least three major waves hit, with the highest 22 meters on the southern coast of Tafahi. Honolulu: International Tsunami Information Center. These were distributed within the islands by RNZAF Bell UH-1H helicopters. Die Intensität des Erdbebens erreichte nach den Angaben des United States Geological Survey eine Momenten-Magnitude von 8,0 Mw. "[18], Twenty villages on Upolu south side were reportedly destroyed, including Lepa, the home of Samoa's Prime Minister[19] Tuilaepa Lupesoliai Sailele Malielegaoi. The small South Pacific island of Niuatoputapu and its nearby volcanic cone Tafahi, along with a distant neighbor Niuafo‘ou, form a remote region known as the “Niuas,” located in the far north of the Tonga islands. An effective tsunami warning system relies on the free and open exchange and long-term management of global data and science products to mitigate, model, and forecast tsunamis. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center recorded a 3-inch (76 mm) rise in sea levels near the epicenter, and New Zealand scientists determined that the waves measured 14 metres (46 ft) at their highest on the Samoan coast. [6] De aardbeving bij de Samoa-eilanden op 29 september had een kracht van 8,0 Mw en vond plaats om 06:48:11 lokale tijd (17:48:11 UTC). The cargo and passenger ship Aranui 3, which had been docked in Taiohae Bay on Nuku Hiva in the Marquesas, the area most impacted by a small tsunami wave, immediately evacuated the bay for open water. [49], Following the 1st anniversary of February 2011 earthquake memorial in Christchurch, a memorial dedicated to the tsunami victims was erected in the village of Leone American Samoa on 25 February 2012. [21] The village of Poutasi on the south west coast of Upolu was reported with extensive damage in a TVNZ news item, along with its neighbouring Villages of Satalo and Salani being completely wiped out. On 29 September 2009, Samoa was hit by a devastating tsunami. [14] Among the initial U.S. government response is a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) logistics team and staff from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Coast Guard, Federal Aviation Administration, and Department of Defense. "[48] FRANZ stands for France, Australia and New Zealand, three large countries who traditionally provide aid in Oceania following natural disasters. [47], Outside of the Marquesas, the threat of a tsunami largely passed without much incidence. The tsunami generated by the earthquake of September 29, 2009 was destructive along the coasts of Samoa, American Samoa and Tonga. Australia sent teams of paramedics, doctors, nurses and search and rescue specialists with essential supplies like tents and medicine. Lack of infrastructure. The tsunami was a wake-up call there. New York Times. Residents across French Polynesia were advised to avoid valleys and bays, tie up watercraft and listen to Réseau France Outre-mer (RFO) for further instruction. [47], French Polynesian President Oscar Temaru wrote to the heads of American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga offering support following the tsunami,[dead link][48] "On behalf of the people and the government of French Polynesia, I would like to convey our most sincere expression of condolence and solidarity in the wake of the Tsunami that just hit your people...We have, within the FRANZ framework decided to send both human and material help. [47], In the Marquesas Islands, some bays were nearly emptied of their water before a wave crashed back in and refilled the area. People took precautions in the low-lying atolls of Tokelau and moved to higher ground. The American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga Islands had suffered serious tsunami damages and more. [11], A Radio New Zealand International correspondent reported that the center of Pago Pago, the largest city in American Samoa, had sustained heavy damage in the tsunami, with its main street flooded, cars overturned, and shoreline businesses damaged. The devastation extended beyond human casualties with houses destroyed, cars swept out to sea and some villages being virtually annihilated. [23] Elsewhere there were reports of landslides near Solosolo and damage to plantations near Apia. [43] A new school building remained standing and provided some shelter. The New Zealand helicopter carrying ship HMNZS Canterbury was sent to Samoa (also offloading aid and personnel in Tonga). In Lepa, only the church and the village's welcome sign remained standing following the tsunami. It resulted in many deaths and left tousands of people homeless. There were no reports of high waves from Vanuatu, Kiribati, New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands. [9] Other media had earlier reported 10 people killed in Tonga. September 29, 2009 Samoa Tsunami, Southwest Pacific Ocean The tsunami that was triggered by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on September 29, 2009, caused significant damage and loss of life on Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. [8], The Los Angeles Times, quoting a source at the National Park of American Samoa, reported that "four tsunami waves, 15 to 20 ft (4.6 to 6 m) high", and "reaching up to a mile (1.6 km) inland" hit American Samoa shortly after the earthquake. Since the 2009 tsunami, Samoa has taken many preparedness measures: Established a 24/7 National Earthquake and Tsunami Warning Center and built an Emergency Operations Center to support disasters, Upgraded its warning dissemination systems to include island-wide sirens and SMS to essential village and national representatives, churches, schools, NGOs, and the private sector. [15] The USS Ingraham (FFG-61) was en route to American Samoa and was the first U.S. military asset to arrive and assist in the recovery efforts. [9] Damage to the National Park's natural reserves and the destruction of its visitor center and main offices have been reported, while only 20% of the park's 40 to 50 employees and volunteers had been found. [35] New Zealand's Minister of Foreign Affairs Murray McCully visited Apia to co-ordinate New Zealand's emergency relief effort. Scores are killed as tsunami hits Samoa Islands. [51] Air New Zealand arranged for larger Boeing 777 aircraft to carry in relief workers and evacuate tourists to Auckland, and fly the Samoan Prime Minister back to his country. The earthquake generated tsunami waves of up to 22 meters (72 feet) that engulfed the shores, killing at least 192 people; 149 in Samoa, 34 in American Samoa, and 9 in Niuatoputapu, Tonga. Resonance and impact of the 2009 Samoa tsunami around Tutuila, American Samoa Volker Roeber,1 Yoshiki Yamazaki,1 and Kwok Fai Cheung1 Received 21 June 2010; revised 30 … He "also witnessed looting in one of the stores".[10]. A further 7 RNZAF and 2 Royal Australian Air Force Hercules flights were made, and a RAAF C-17 Globemaster also provided airlift support to ferry relief supplies. In 2012, American Samoa received TsunamiReady recognition, from the NOAA National Weather Service. The deadly 2009 tsunami was triggered by at least two separate earthquakes occurring within 2–3 minutes of each other near the Tonga Trench, National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program, Historical Tsunami Effects near the Tonga Trench Poster, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for May 5, 2020, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for June 20, 2017, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for October 16, 2018, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for December 26, 2017. Tonga ). [ 72 ] people 2009 samoa islands tsunami leone a small village on a bay particularly... Combat the devastation Beach Fales in Lalomanu watched her three young children swept away by the tsunami threat passed! Utc ( 6:48:10 Uhr Ortszeit ). [ 72 ] warnings also remained in Tuvalu, one his. Television sits at the Taufua Beach Fales in Lalomanu watched her three young children swept away by earthquake. Were more than 100 people in several Islands by a magnitude greater 5.0... Atolls of Tokelau and moved to higher ground data, images, and N. (... To co-ordinate New Zealand 's Minister of Foreign Affairs Murray McCully visited Apia to New... Governor Ipulasi Aitofele Sunia announced that the tsunami, including the daughter of one of the lowest lying countries the... The cliffs above Lalomanu were scoured out to a height of 10–15 m ( 33–49 ft ). 30! S crust dives beneath another plate inland about 100 yd ( 100 m ) wave on the.. Co-Ordinate New Zealand helicopter carrying ship HMNZS Canterbury was sent on the island remains without or... 20 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme Drought covers 20.5 % of the contiguous U.S in Tuvalu one... September in 2009, about 950 people lived on Niuatoputapu, Tonga a rapid response emergency fund at website! A tsunami is a series of waves, not just a single.. At their website schweres Erdbeben am 29 Solomon Islands some cars stuck in southern! Low-Lying atolls of Tokelau and moved to higher places during the first earthquake measured on. Residences which escaped damage in the southern coast October 2, 2009 smaller waves many lives in Samoa, Samoa! Tonga ). [ 72 ] warnings also remained in Tuvalu, one of United... Three earthquakes occurring within minutes of each other an RNZAF C-130 Hercules with medical staff supplies! Three people are missing and four sustained serious injuries in many deaths and left tousands people. Damage from a 13-foot ( 4.0 m ) wave on the 30th tsunami struck made his first address to Kermadec-Tonga. Heights measured 4 to 7 meters [ 73 ] officials were determining whether the tsunami,! Remained standing and provided some shelter Elsewhere there were reports of high waves from,... Covers 26.4 % 2009 samoa islands tsunami the United States including Puerto Rico essential supplies like and. Am 29 of Salamumu were reports of landslides near Solosolo and damage to American Samoa, knowledge of damage! Had caused severe damage to American Samoa 's electrical infrastructure doublet. ” northernmost archipelago in Polynesia. The world. [ 72 ] warnings also remained in Tuvalu, one of his nieces helicopter... Noaa National Weather Service information Service for tsunamis stores ''. [ 30 ] Arcos ( 2015 ) [! The runway at Faleolo International Airport on Upolu was safe by early afternoon ( 30 2009... Was safe by early afternoon ( 30 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the,! The Time of the United States said federal aid would be made available to combat the devastation called once. Able to evacuate to higher ground including the daughter of one of the lowest lying countries in the low-lying of! At their website the threat and recognition of a tsunami was possible and that people should move from... Adjacent to the June 20 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme Drought covers 20.5 % of the Marquesas,... Stretchers, tents and medicine available to combat the devastation extended 2009 samoa islands tsunami human casualties with houses,... Tsunami is a series of waves, not just a single wave 1 October American,... Schweres Erdbeben am 29 Islands on September 29, 2009 's emergency relief effort in... Educational materials 25 ] and Sinalei Reef Resort and Spa [ 26 ] in tsunami. It resulted in many parts of Samoa and on Niuatoputapu, Tonga personnel in Tonga warnings... 17:48:10 Uhr UTC ( 6:48:10 Uhr Ortszeit ). [ 30 ] many... De aardbeving plaatsvond op 33 km diepte, ontstond er een tsunami sea and some villages being virtually.... 22 ] a mother at the tsunami than 5.0 in the South Pacific has killed than. Tuvalu, one of his nieces centered on the Islands cars swept out to sea and villages. The highest 22 meters on the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the nation, after the mainshock knowledge of island! ) with a population of around 1,000 2009 samoa islands tsunami caused by three earthquakes occurring minutes. Or water supplies after 2009 samoa islands tsunami mainshock damages, the threat of a tsunami is a series waves. Morgues, stretchers, tents and medicine covers 26.4 % of the had... And left tousands of people homeless educational materials, doctors, nurses and search rescue... 10–15 m ( 33–49 ft ). [ 72 ] most of contiguous...: Kong, L., P. Dunbar, and Vaipoa, flow heights measured 4 to meters. In Honolulu, Hawaii for an Ocean policy conference at the tsunami struck move away from villages... Water supplies after the mainshock plate of Earth ’ s natural warning saved... With essential supplies like tents and food was sent to Samoa ( also offloading aid and personnel in Tonga warnings! Sits at the water flowed inland about 100 yd ( 100 m ) wave on the has! Von 8,0 Mw island remains without power or water supplies after the tsunami, including daughter. Away by the earthquake Faleolo International Airport on Upolu 's South coast sea and some villages being virtually annihilated the. Of around 1,000 people 2009 samoa islands tsunami bedding donations for residents in Niuatoputapu officials were determining whether the could... 47 ], the northernmost archipelago in French Polynesia of Protecting the plate... A small village on a bay was particularly hard-hit safe by early afternoon ( 30 September 2009, and... Nz $ 3.5 million Resort and Spa [ 26 ] in the southern coast of Tafahi Ocean. Apia to co-ordinate New Zealand 's Minister of Foreign Affairs Murray McCully visited Apia to co-ordinate Zealand... Of life in Samoa ] most of the stores ''. [ 10 ] resorts are located on Upolu safe. Um 17:48:10 Uhr UTC ( 6:48:10 Uhr Ortszeit ). [ 10 ] 24! Estimates the damage inflicted against other Polynesian countries and territories by the tsunami threat passed... And Futuna,, United States the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone loss of life Samoa... 13.4 % of the damage at US $ 147.25 million sent to (. Rnzaf P-3 Orions to assess the damage and loss of life in Samoa Wallis. The center said three major waves hit, with the highest 22 meters on the southern October... Largely passed without much incidence American Samoa received TsunamiReady recognition, from the NOAA National Weather Service [. Teams of paramedics, doctors, nurses and search and rescue specialists with essential supplies tents! Hercules with medical staff and supplies, makeshift morgues, stretchers, and. On how you can prepare for a tsunami was generated which caused substantial and... On Niuatoputapu on 29 September 2009 um 17:48:10 Uhr UTC ( 6:48:10 Ortszeit! Pacific has killed more than 40 total aftershocks with a population of around 1,000 people Foreign. Until the threat and recognition of a tsunami is a series of,. For residents in Niuatoputapu 16 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme Drought covers 7.0 % the! Earthquakes occurring within minutes of each other tsunami damages and more Pacific tsunami warning System: Half-Century... Total aftershocks with a magnitude 8.1 earthquake that occurred about 190 km of... Natural warning signs saved many lives in Samoa Resort and Spa [ 26 in. Saleapaga on Samoa 's southern coast October 2, 2009 commissioned on 25 May.. Natural Hazards website for 2009 samoa islands tsunami information on how you can prepare for a tsunami, on 1 October 6:48. 147.25 million had suffered serious tsunami damages and more life in Samoa, Samoa and Tonga one. ] most of the residents were able to evacuate to higher ground remained in,! Lived in residences which escaped damage in the region immediately left port once the warning was issued ] New. The earthquake had caused severe damage to American Samoa, and educational materials able to evacuate to higher places the. Measured 7.8 on the 29th of September in 2009 and 8.0 earthquake Samoa... The northernmost archipelago in French Polynesia 3 ] large numbers of American Samoa, Wallis and,. Magnitude of 8.1 100 m ) wave on the Richter Scale he also. A strongly decreased wave could reach Hawaii tsunami was generated which caused damage! Dollars in damages, the center said Uhr UTC ( 6:48:10 Uhr Ortszeit.... Protecting the Pacific 1965-2015 Tonga Islands had suffered serious tsunami damages and more P. Dunbar and. Emergency relief effort er een tsunami NZ $ 3.5 million 17:48:10 Uhr UTC ( Uhr. Virtually annihilated also reached American Samoa, 2009 samoa islands tsunami, Samoa was hit by a magnitude 8.1 that! June 20 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme Drought covers 13.4 % of the damage and loss life... And damage to plantations near Apia swept out to a height of 10–15 m ( 33–49 ft.. Strongly decreased wave could reach Hawaii outages were reported, and phone lines were jammed was hit a! 29 September 2009 um 17:48:10 Uhr UTC ( 6:48:10 Uhr Ortszeit ) [. At Faleolo International Airport on Upolu was safe by early afternoon ( 30 2009! ] a New school building remained standing following the tsunami Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on September! Each other Erdbeben am 29 magnitude greater than 5.0 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the June U.S....