Like many other indigenous peoples, the majority of the Bidayuh have been converted to Christianity,[112] [322][323] Sarawak hosted the Malaysian SUKMA Games in 1990 and 2016,[324] and was overall champion in the 1990, 1992, and 1994 SUKMA games. [170], As of 2017, Sarawak is producing 850,000 barrel of oil equivalent every day in 60 oil and gas producing fields. [278][279] In 2015, Chief Minister Adenan Satem reinstated English as an official language. Keywords: Population, Sarawak Population, Demography, Bidayuh, Sustainability Population Growth INTRODUCTION Bidayuh is one of the seven major ethnic groups1 among the twenty-five specific ethnic groups inSarawak (1970 Census: 2-3). [3] Anthony Brooke opposed the cession of Sarawak to the British Crown,[57] for which he was banished from Sarawak by the colonial government. Pattern and Trends of the Iban, Chinese and Malay Population of Sarawak, 1947-2010 . [112] A number of rivers flow through Sarawak, with the Sarawak River being the main river flowing through Kuching. [177], Electricity in Sarawak, supplied by the state-owned Sarawak Energy Berhad (SEB),[178] is primarily sourced from traditional coal fired power plants and thermal power stations using LNG,[178][179] but diesel based sources and hydroelectricity are also utilised. A second airport at Miri serves flights primarily to other Malaysian states as well as services to Singapore. [212] Three airlines serve flights in Sarawak, Malaysia Airlines, Air Asia, and MASwings all of which use Kuching Airport as their main hub. Sarawak: Population by Ethnic Group (2) XLS. Geological formation of the central and northern regions started during the late Cretaceous period. Population of Sarawak increased from 2,407.7 thousands in 2008 to 2,767.6 thousands in 2017 growing at an average annual rate of 1.56%. [254], The registration for, and issuing of, National identity cards, a legally required document for accessing various services, to these remote tribes has been problematic for many years,[255] and in the past had even resulted in a large number of people from the Penan ethnic group being rendered effectively stateless. The government, tending to oversimplify the situation in Sarawak and Sabah, officially recognizes only some of the dozens of ethnolinguistic groups in those two states. [274][273] As with the many other indigenous peoples of Sarawak, the majority of Orang Ulu are Christians. The oldest rock type in southern Sarawak is schist formed during the Carboniferous and Lower Permian times, while the youngest igneous rock in this region, andesite, can be found at Sematan. In 1841, Sarawak had an indigenous population of about 8,000. Pattern and Trends of the Iban, Chinese and Malay Population of Sarawak, 1947-2010 . Sarawak’s culture is truly colorful, with more than 40 tribes and sub-ethnic groups. [45][38][note 1] That same year saw the British withdrawing its air and marine forces defending Sarawak to Singapore. [174], Sarawak is one of the world's largest exporters of tropical hardwood timber, constituting 65% of the total Malaysian log exports in 2000. Evangelizing first took place among the Chinese immigrants before spreading to indigenous animists. World and regional statistics, national data, maps and rankings, Discover new signals and insights from leading alternative and fundamental data providers, Latest releases of new datasets and data updates from different sources around the world. [112], Sarawak can be divided into two geological zones: the Sunda Shield, which extends southwest from the Batang Lupar River (near Sri Aman) and forms the southern tip of Sarawak, and the geosyncline region, which extends northeast to the Batang Lupar River, forming the central and northern regions of Sarawak. They account for 8.4 per cent of the population of Sarawak and are the second most numerous of the indigenous Dayak people, after the Iban. In 2017, male population for Sarawak was 1,443.3 thousands. Demographics of Sarawak Population As of the 2010 census, the population of Sarawak was 2,399,839, making it the 4th most populous state in Malaysia. The crude birth rate in 2004 was about 20,300, crude rate of natural increase is 16,200 and the crude death rate, 4,100. The Bidayuh are indigenous to the areas that comprise the modern day divisions of Kuching and Samarahan. [172] However, the export-oriented economy is dominated by liquefied natural gas (LNG), which accounts for more than half of total exports. [326] In 2019, both Sabah and Sarawak Sports Ministries work together to establish the East Malaysia Sports Commission to facilitate the organisation of more sports programmes in the two territories including other places in the Borneo islands. They were placed on your computer when you launched this website. This caused hundreds of Malay civil servants to resign in protest, sparking an anti-cession movement and the assassination of the second colonial governor of Sarawak Sir Duncan Stewart. Other smaller airports such as Sibu Airport, Bintulu Airport, Mukah Airport, Marudi Airport, Mulu Airport, and Limbang Airport provide domestic services within Malaysia. The ports of Kuching and Sibu are built some distance from the coast on rivers while Bintulu and Miri are close to the coastline where the hills stretch right to the South China Sea. [219], Sarawak has four primary ports located at Kuching, Sibu, Bintulu, and Miri. [71] 1973 saw the birth of Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu (PBB) following a merger of several parties. [73] The TYT appoints the chief minister, currently held by Abang Johari Openg (BN),[74] as the head of government. Under his rule, Sarawak gained Limbang and the Baram and Trusan valleys from the Sultan of Brunei, later becoming a protectorate in 1888 with Britain handling foreign affairs but the Brooke government retaining administrative powers. [287] Indigenous people such as the Iban, Bidayuh, and Orang Ulu have adopted Christianity although they do retain some of their traditional religious rites. [208], A number of different bodies manage the supply of water depending on their region of responsibility, including the Kuching Water Board (KWB), Sibu Water Board (SWB), and LAKU Management Sdn Bhd, which handle water supply in Miri, Bintulu, and Limbang respectively,[209] and the Rural Water Supply Department managing the water supply for the remaining areas. The state's gross domestic product (GDP) grew by 5.0% per year on average from 2000 to 2009,[171] but became more volatile later on, ranging from −2.0% in 2009 to 7.0% in 2010. [248], Sub-ethnic groups of Dayak in Sarawak (2014)[8], The 2015 census of Malaysia reported a population of 2,636,000 in Sarawak, making it the fourth most populous state. [230] [79][note 6][80] Stephen Kalong Ningkan was the first Chief Minister of Sarawak from 1963 to 1966 following his landslide victory in local council elections. [288] Other minor religions in Sarawak are the Baháʼí Faith,[289] Hinduism,[290] Sikhism,[291] and animism. Increasing antimony production in the region led the Brunei Sultanate to demand higher taxes, which ultimately led to civil unrest. [241] There are also 14 Chinese independent secondary schools in Sarawak that teach in Chinese rather than English or Malay. [305], There are a number of museums in Sarawak that preserve and maintain artefacts of Sarawak's culture. The state is divided into several administrative divisions including Sibu, Miri, Limbang, Kapit, Kuching, Sri Aman, Mukah, Betong, Sarawak (Jawi: سراوق, Aussprache: [saˈrawaʔ]) ist ein Bundesstaat von Malaysia. In Sarawak, Saban people resides in Long Banga, Baram, Long Puak and Long Peluan, where these are their main residence in Sarawak. Weng, who had moved to China in the mid-1960s but nonetheless retained control of the CCO, pushed for a continued armed insurrection against the government in spite of this agreement. KOTA PADAWAN: No single race dominates the population of Sarawak and thus, no single race can rule the state, says Chief Minister Datuk Patinggi Abang Johari Tun Openg (pix). In 1977, the bureau came under the authority of the federal government language planning and development agency, the Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (DBP), which advocated publication only in Malay ultimately causing the demise of fledgling indigenous literature. [209] The busiest seaport at Bintulu is under the jurisdiction of the Malaysian federal government and mainly handles LNG products and regular cargo. In 1839, James Brooke, a British explorer, arrived in Sarawak. The population of Sarawak consists of severalIPs, such as Iban, Bidayuh, Malays, Melanau, Kayan and Kenyah. [188] Samalaju will be developed as an industrial park,[189] with Tanjung Manis as a halal food hub,[190] and Mukah as the administrative centre for SCORE with a focus on resource-based research and development. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, nationality, ethnic group). A year later, he formulated the "Sarawak Law" which foreshadowed the formulation of his (and Darwin's) theory of evolution by natural selection three years later. Other cities and towns in Sarawak include Miri, Sibu, and Bintulu. After the formation of Malaysia, Sarawak GDP growth rate has risen due to increase in petroleum output and the rise in global petroleum prices. [245] In 2015, Petronas provided vocational scholarships to 150 underprivileged Sarawak students as part of its Vocational Institution Sponsorship and Training Assistance program,[246] although it had been criticised for under-representing local students in its previous allocations;[247] the company also provided support to other Sarawak vocational education centres. The 1978 Majlis Islam Bill enabled the setting up of Syariah Courts in Sarawak with jurisdictions over matrimonial, child custody, betrothal, inheritance, and criminal cases in the state. They celebrate major cultural festivals such as Hungry Ghost Festival and the Chinese New Year much as their ancestors did. [112][269], The Melanau are a native people of Sarawak that lived in areas primarily around the modern city of Mukah, where they worked as fishermen and craftsmen as well renowned boat-builders. Brooke's success in quelling the revolt was rewarded with antimony, property and the governorship of Sarawak, which at that time consisted only of a small area centred on Kuching. [310] Apart from national Hari Merdeka and Malaysia Day celebrations, the state also celebrates Sarawak self-government Day on 22 July[311][312] and the State Governor's birthday. [79][note 10], The location and history of Sarawak has resulted in a broad diversity of ethnicity, culture and languages. On the other hand, Sabah’s population growth registered an upward surge. The earliest known human settlement in Sarawak at the Niah Caves dates back 40,000 years. Sarawak also has some of the lowest population growth in Malaysia. Negri is empowered to make provisions for regulating Islamic affairs... (page 86), Pandian, 2014. it became the primary means of passing culture, history, and valued traditions. Population of Sarawak, 1947-2010 Lam Chee Kheung ýý0 imik Ilb Arkib GN Arkib GN 635 B6 " 0 Aim-k A ýý 0 0 *1 L213 2013 . The last United Nations statistics in 2001 estimated Sarawak's sawlog exports at an average of 14,109,000 cubic metres (498,300,000 cu ft) per year between 1996 and 2000. [306][307] The Sarawak State Museum houses a collection of artefacts such as pottery, textiles, and woodcarving tools from various ethnic tribes in Sarawak, as well as ethnographic materials of local cultures. Although it has a low population density, the average population growth rate of 1.8%, from 2000 to 2010, is very close to the national average of 2.0%. As the political scene changed, it grew progressively more difficult for the communists to operate. Away from the coast, territorial wars were fought between the Iban and a Kenyah-Kayan alliance. [218] The state owned Hornbill Skyways is an aviation company that largely provides private chartered flights and flight services for public servants. [149][150] The Sarawak Biodiversity Centre was set up in 1997 for the conservation, protection, and sustainable development of biodiversity in the state. The rocks enriched in organic components are mudstones in Lambir, Miri and Tukau Formations of Middle Miocene-Lower Pliocene age. [112], English was the official language of Sarawak from 1963 to 1974 due to opposition from First Chief Minister of Sarawak Stephen Kalong Ningkan to the use of the Malaysian language in Sarawak. Sarawak contributed 10.1% of Malaysia's GDP in the nine years leading up to 2013, making it the third largest contributor after Selangor and Kuala Lumpur. The city is a major gateway for travelers to other parts of Borneo and is also noted as a major food destination. Reece, Sarawak Literary Society, 1993", "A look at the civil administration of Sarawak", "Thrill is gone, state museum stuck in time — Public", "SARAWAK HL Deb 15 November 1956 vol 200 cc328-68", "Prelude to invasion: covert operations before the re-occupation of Northwest Borneo, 1944–45", "Surrender to Major-General Wootten at Labuan", "Celebrating Batu Lintang Camp liberation day on Sept 11", "British Military Administration (August 1945 – April 1946)", "Sarawak as a British Crown Colony (1946–1963)", "Formation of Malaysia 16 September 1963", "Chapter Six: Borneo Territories and Brunei", "Trust and Non-self governing territories", "Brunei Revolt breaks out – 8 December 1962", United Nations Treaty Registered No. [169], Sarawak is abundant in natural resources, and primary industries such as mining, agriculture, and forestry accounted for 32.8% of its economy in 2013. ", "Explanation sought on real status of S'wak's official religion", "Penan slowly abandoning their nomadic way of life", "Interracial marriage blossoms in Malaysia", "Chapter VII – Developing Literacy and Knowledge, Preservation skills among Remote Rural Children", "Tarian Ngajat Identiti Istimewa Masyarakat Iban (Ngajat dances a special identity for the Ibans)", "Renong, An Iban Vocal Repertory (Conference paper)", "The tradition of storytelling in Malaysia", "Preserve traditional culture for prosperity, Iban's urged", "Malaysian Borneo's Muzium Sarawak: A Colonial Legacy in Postcolonial Context", "TYT, CM attend state's 52nd anniversary of independence", "Pomp celebrations for Sarawak Governor's birthday", "CM and wife to have Hari Raya open house at BCCK", "1,000 throng Manyin's Gawai Dayak open house", "KTS holds Chinese New Year Open House in Bintulu", "Public Holiday in Sarawak in conjunctions with the Gawai Dayak Celebration", "Kolo mee, a Sarawak favourite, any time of day", "Singer Deja Moss' real passion is Sarawak layered cakes", "Commonwealth Games Federation – Countries – Sarawak", "CM revs up momentum for 2016 S'wak Sukma", "Sabah, S'wak Sports Ministries to work together to create East Malaysia Sports Commission", "Sarawak hopes to become an eSports hub in the region one day", States and federal territories of Malaysia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sarawak&oldid=991236712, English-speaking countries and territories, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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