would not be irreconcilable with that. Had he any title, salvation would be “of debt.” The two following verses are meant to state and prove that salvation is not and cannot be of human merit. 5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) 6 And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus: 7 That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. The word "gift" in Ephesians 2:8 is in the nominative case which means the "offering" of grace. Not of yourselves—The whole structure of the apostle’s view of our rescue from the depths, and exaltation to the heights, and our consequent utter gratitude to God, is wholly overthrown if ours is a self-salvation. through. Here is where a long time controversy in the church comes together. I would not contend, therefore, about the grammatical construction of this passage, with respect to the point of the theology contained in it; still it accords better with the obvious grammatical construction, and with the design of the passage to understand the word "that" as referring not to "faith" only, but to "salvation by grace." Romans 3:22; Romans 3:25; Galatians 2:16; 1 Peter 1:5). If the apostle meant to refer to faith- πίστις, why change the gender? 2. Some have erroneously concluded that "faith" is the gift of God in this verse, and that man is so sinful that God must give him the faith in the first place, but that would contradict other passages. (Wisdom 3:14). for it was while, to God and alive to and with the devil, that God, . The dative χάριτι, on which from its position the emphasis lies, expresses the source of our salvation, and the genitive πίστεως with διά denotes its subjective means or instrument. ‘Good works are never the cause of salvation but ought to be its fruit’. is the beginning, foundation, and the root of justification, and the first of all other virtues, without which it is impossible to please God. That is, by faith as the instrument or means. 2. And that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God.—This attribution of all to the gift of God seems to cover the whole idea—both the gift of salvation and the gift of faith to accept it. What is the context of Ephesians 2:8-9? The reasons in favor of the former interpretation are, 1. Bernhardy, p. 315. “And that not of yourselves”: “Is not due to yourselves” (TCNT). For by grace, etc. EXEGESIS: BACKGROUND: While this book begins, “Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, to the saints who are at Ephesus, and the faithful in Christ Jesus” (1:1), scholars today are divided regarding both the authorship and the intended recipients. That is, not as proceeding from yourselves or of your own performance. And be it especially noted that in St. Paul’s view there is no contradiction between the gratuity of our salvation and its conditionality. Even the translators of the NASV understood the "gift" to be salvation. But to what does the refer? However, it is a tautology to say salvation and grace are "nor of yourselves," and in that case it certainly looks more like the passage is really pointing out that man cannot even take credit for his own act of faith, but that faith was itself created by God and implanted in us that we might believe (i.e. The meaning of the idiom may here be—“Ay, and this” is not of yourselves. When (3) it is said, “Believe and thou shall be saved,” then faith is the condition upon which we are justified, regenerated, and elected to holiness here and heaven hereafter. 2:8 For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; Eph. Justification by faith alone, is simply pardon enjoyed on the one condition of taking it. Ye are saved by grace; ye are saved by faith and not by works; and even faith is not of yourselves, … For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, For by grace are ye saved, through faith -, τῃ γαρ χαριτι εστε σεσωσμενοι δια της πιστεως· και τουτο ουκ εξ ὑμων· Θεου το δωρον, ουκ εξ εργων· ἱνα μη τις καυχησηται·, touto- is in the neuter gender, and the word “faith” -, pistis- is in the feminine. 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, Verses eight and nine show how Christians enter into a saved state (v.5). 1 Corinthians 1:26-31; Ephesians 1:19; Colossians 2:12, et passim. Faith, with an empty hand, and without any pretence to personal desert, receives the heavenly blessing. Commentary on Ephesians 2:8-10. by John Eadie. Whereas to say: ‘Ye are saved through faith (and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God), not of works,' is not repetitious; the parenthetical clause instead of being redundant does good service and greatly increases the force of the passage. виться человеческими усилиями. Ephesians 2:10, ESV: "For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them." Hence to lay especial stress on salvation accords better with the whole idea of this Epistle—the continuous indwelling in Christ—than to bring out, as in the Epistle to the Romans, the one complete act of justification for His sake. Jesus equally attached conditions to salvation (Mark 16:16; Luke 24:47), and so did the apostles (Acts 2:38; 1 Peter 3:21). 3. Our faith, as an act, natural and divinely empowered, is from ourselves: but not our salvation. Ephesians 2:8–9 says, "For by grace you have been saved through faith. Salvation is of grace by faith-the one being the efficient, the other the modal cause; the former the origin, the latter the method, of its operation. 1. 2. St. Paul now returns to it and works it out, before passing on, in Ephesians 2:11, to draw out by “wherefore” the conclusion from Ephesians 2:1-7. As a matter of grammar this opinion is certainly doubtful, if not untenable; but as a matter of theology it is a question of very little importance. Not self-display but rather of the incomparable wealth of God"s grace, mercy and kindness through Jesus Christ” (Stott pp. N.T. Lord, You provided for our salvation even when not one was fit to be saved, and You ask for nothing but surrender-through-faith in return. Grace is the moving cause of salvation: faith only the instrument by which it is laid hold of. 1 Corinthians 6:8; Hebrews 11:12; Matthiae, § 470, 6. ad Pind. Salvation is in no sense, and in no degree, of works; for to him that worketh the reward is a matter of debt. Grace has the article, the grace of God, in Ephesians 2:5, Ephesians 2:7. Ephesians 2:8-9 “For by grace are you saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: 9 Not of works, lest any man should boast.” Paul has an interesting way of explaining things that can be very confusing at times. Notice the side reference "i.e. (Ephesians 2:8.) Far less can our faith, us to pardon for past wickedness, to a blotting out of past books, and a conferring a glorious immortality at God’s right hand. "Of yourselves" stands in opposition to, "it is the gift of God" (Php 1:29). We are born from above. The neut. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast." p. 144. And as you remember, every sentence has one main point. That the guilty should stand before God with self-complacency, and refer his salvation in any measure to his own merit, is so abhorrent to all right feeling that Paul assumes it (Romans 4:2) as an intuitive truth, that no man can boast before God. 2. Learn more Start my … This is not the emphatic phrase, but adds the subjective means, as so often in Paul’s writings. Likewise faith is not a meritorious work. The apostle says—“By grace ye are saved,” and then—“It is the gift of God;” the same idea being virtually repeated. Ephesians 2:8-9 NIV For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God— not by works, so that no one can boast. At the same time, as Ellicott shrewdly remarks, “the clause καὶ τοῦτο, etc., was suggested by the mention of the subjective medium- πίστις, which might be thought to imply some independent action on the part of the subject.” This condition of safety is not of yourselves-is not of your own origination or procurement, though it be of your reception. But the latter properly lays stress on a more advanced stage of the process of redemption in Christ. The phrase in the text is, as always in this Epistle, theologically exact. Paul prays that God will give the Ephesian Christians a spirit of wisdom and revelation. The two phrases—“justification by faith” and “salvation by grace”—are popularly identified, and, indeed. And thus “ye have been saved;” not-ye will be finally saved; not-ye are brought into a state in which salvation is possible, or put into a condition in which you might “work and win” for yourselves, but-ye are actually saved. App-104. Neither can we work to earn it (2:8-9). For it is. That leads me to the last point-viz. Through faith - the hand which apprehends Christ unto salvation, nerved by the power of Christ's resurrection (Ephesians 1:19-20; Philippians 3:10), whereby we are 'raised together' with him (Ephesians 2:6; Colossians 2:12). It is the gift of God - Salvation by grace is his gift. While, then, καὶ τοῦτο seems to refer to the idea contained in the participle only, it would seem that in θεοῦ τὸ δῶρον there is allusion to the entire clause-God's is the whole gift. Salvation is the gift of God through faith! More exactly “by the grace,” i.e., by this grace, the grace already mentioned. Ephesians 2:8 For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God ( NASB: Lockman) Greek: te gar ch ariti este ( 2PPAI) sesosmenoi ( RPPMPN) dia pisteos; kai touto ouk ex humon theou to doron; Amplified: For it is by free grace (God’s unmerited … Only God’s grace could make that available to you. ; it is the gift of God. Commentary on Ephesians 2-:8-10. by Charles Hodge. At one time, *Greek leaders had ruled Ephesus.Now the *Romans ruled the city. ], "If we breathe, it is because life has been breathed into us; if we exercise the hearing of faith it is because our ears have been unstopped. “Neither the works of The Law nor the secrets of the mystery religions could ever save you and set you free from ignorance and superstition. The three clauses, as Meyer has remarked, form a species of asyndeton-that is, the connecting particles are omitted, and the style acquires greater liveliness and force. 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Apostle meant to refer to faith- πίστις, because it makes God look dishonest and hypocritical suggested the.... Years after the birth of Christ, we do not yet see everything subjection...

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