The history of Latin America is packed full of influential people: dictators and statesmen, rebels and reformers, artists and entertainers. There are many magnificent female figures around the world who have fought for equality and justice, not just for fellow women, but for all those who are deprived of basic human rights. To honor Hispanic culture, and its impact on America, we look at 10 important Hispanic Americans in U.S. political life, past and present. How to pick the ten most important? It was at the White House that Gonzales became a chief architect of Bush's push to increase the White House's clout. Hispanics (whether criollo or mestizo) became the first American citizens in the newly acquired Southwest territory after the Mexican–American War, and remained a majority in several states until the 20th century. He began organizing, forming the National Farmworkers Association, which is now known as the United Farm Workers of America, to advocate for improved working conditions and wages. The Top 10 Most Influential Figures In American History After. To remind ourselves of that ever-present possibility, Hispanic Heritage Month is the perfect time to stress how influential Latin America has been in the world of sports. Ramos is a Mexican-American journalist who anchors the Spanish language Univision nightly news, an English language news program, and was named one of Time Magazine’s Most Influential People. Famous Hispanic Women in American Culture and History Share Flipboard Email Print History & Culture. Chavez was also a champion of broader human rights, including an early supporter of gay rights and an opposer of the Vietnam War. The Smithsonian Latino Center has announced the release of Nuestra América: 30 Inspiring Latinas/Latinos Who Have Shaped the United States by Sabrina Vourvoulias. Chrissy Clark / March 28, 2018 / Leave a comment. Sept. 18, 2017 Brought to you by: CHIME FOR CHANGE. Ramos is a Mexican-American journalist who anchors the Spanish language Univision nightly news, an English language news program, and was named one of Time Magazine’s Most Influential People. In 2017, he set a record for an American artist at auction when his 1982 painting of a black skull with red and black rivulets sold for $110.5 million. In 1968, Chavez orchestrated a boycott that resulted in a collective bargaining agreement guaranteeing field workers the right to unionize. Having co-moderated presidential debates, interviewed world leaders like Fidel Castro and Hugo Chavez, and been an outspoken pro-immigrant voice, Ramos will continue to be a major figure in Hispanic-American life. He abolished slavery, helped preserve the Union, headed the United States throughout the American war, reinforced […] Lorraine C. Ladish – American author of American and Spanish descent. As Surgeon General, she focused on the health of young people, women and minorities, and spoke out against drinking, smoking and drug abuse. 10 Latinos & Latin Americans Made Time’s 100 Most Influential People List. The result, collected here, is The Atlantic’s 100 picks. As the daughter of a Mexican immigrant and a Puerto Rican immigrant, Sylvia Mendez was expected to go to a segregated school for Mexican students as a child. Although several publications and historical authorities have attempted to compile a list of history’s most influential figures, the most definitive one is the one established by The Atlantic. Embed from Getty Images. Atlas » Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. Carmen M. Pursifull – English-language free verse poet and former New York City Latin dance and Latin American music figure in the 1950s. I'm going to click through all this, beginning with Herman Melville at #100 — he's "the American Shakespeare." First, we asked Skiena and Ward to separate figures significant to American history from the world population. Anushka.Holding / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0. By Yara Simón . The landmark case, Mendez v. Westminster, was settled in 1947, successfully desegregating public schools in California. Hispanics have played a role in several key events since the War of Independence itself -- helping to establish and preserve the union, defend the country in war, and strengthen the national economy during peace. Through countless essays, books and poetry, Anzaldúa — who died in 2004 — documented Chicana struggle and resilience in a way that still impacts Hispanic women and feminism today. 1. Cesar Conde. That bullying followed her online, once given the horrific title of "World's Ugliest Woman" in a YouTube video that circulated widely. Powered by its own proprietary technology, Mashable is the go-to source for tech, digital culture and entertainment content for its dedicated and influential audience around the globe. Mashable, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Most Influential Figures in American History – Career Planning – English – Book Trailers Project – Career Research Project – Humanities – American Author Project – Independent Reading Assignment – Issues in Education – Legacy Museum – Of Mice and Men – Literary Criticism – Political Corruption Research Paper – My criteria for compiling this list were that the person had to have made an important difference in his or her world, and had to have international importance. Though certainly not an exhaustive list, here are 11 influential Hispanic activists — past and present — who have been powerful trailblazers for their community and have left an indelible mark on the world. 5 Most Influential Hispanics in the U.S. ... She is an actress, author, fashion designer, dancer, producer, and also a famed singer. Born in Mexico City, he has penned 11 books; his accolades include eight Emmy Awards, the Maria Moors Cabot Award and the David Brinkley Award for Journalistic Excellence. Jorge Ramos . ... Hispanic settlers, and European immigrants As two of the three Hispanic Americans in the Senate—the other being Robert Menendez of New Jersey—Cruz and Rubio bring to light the role of Hispanic Americans in national politics. The history of Latinos and Hispanics in the United States is wide-ranging, spanning more than four hundred years and varyingday United States, too. These identical twins were born to a Chicana political activist who instilled in them the importance of public service and their Mexican roots. The term Hispanic is basically used for the countries that were once owned by the Spanish Empire in Asia and the Americas. 1 Abraham Lincoln He saved the Union, freed the slaves, and presided over America’s second founding. Her most notable work, The House on Mango Street, has sold more than 6 million copies worldwide, powerfully depicts coming of age as a Latina navigating poverty and misogyny. Hispanic Business ranks her among the 100 most influential Latinos in United States. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Julian Castro and Representative Joaquin Castro. All that has changed in recent years. The history of Latinos and Hispanics in the United States is wide-ranging, spanning more than four hundred years and varyingday United States, too. The little girl hand-delivered the letter — along with a hug — to the Pope, writing: "I want to tell you that my heart is very sad, because I’m scared that one day ICE [U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement] is going to deport my parents. Chilean born Roberto Matta is considered one of the most influential Latin American artists and was a seminal figure in the global art world with significant contributions to various movements such as Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism. When she was 5 years old, Sophie Cruz had as much spunk as a seasoned activist, working for change by reaching one of the most powerful leaders: the Pope. Known as “The Walter Cronkite of Latino America,” Ramos left Mexico for America at 24 after the Mexican government censored a critical story he produced, and he became a U.S. citizen in 2008. The first Hispanic-American politicians, baseball players, and moreGovernmentMember of U.S. Congress: Joseph Marion Hernández, 1822, delegate from the Florida territory.Sonia SotomayorU.S. Jonathan Stahl is an intern at the National Constitution Center. Hispanic-American history is American history. Hispanic Heritage Month (September 15-October 15) pays tribute to the contributions and culture of Latinx and Hispanic people. She has a long history of activism that precedes her political career. We asked 10 eminent historians. This is a list of notable Hispanic and Latino Americans: citizens or residents of the United States with origins in Hispanic America or Spain. In her early activism, she was involved in the farmworkers movement and the Mexican American Youth Organization, though she was vocally critical of the male focus in both. He's ugly. After a stint in the U.S. Navy, Chavez returned to the fields with determination to better the lives of workers like him. But we rarely hear of their contributions, leaving their impact largely uncelebrated — even if it's widely felt. Other Latin American countries also celebrate their independence around that date, with Mexico celebrating on September 16, Chile on September 18, and Belize on September 21. To remind ourselves of that ever-present possibility, Hispanic Heritage Month is the perfect time to stress how influential Latin America has been in the world of sports. / 4. Due to her appearance, Velásquez was relentlessly bullied as a child. Bush later put Gonzales on the Texas Supreme Court, and when Bush moved north, he made Gonzales White House counsel and, earlier this year, the nation's first Hispanic Attorney General. 5. Early in her prolific music career, Baez declined to play any segregated venues, only playing black colleges when touring the South. Ochoa was the first Hispanic woman in space, and has logged nearly 1,000 hours in space since her first mission in 1993. As usual, these are not all of the leaders, but those in the list are all leaders. As she began to devote her career to her own literary work, that activism continued to grow. Discover these proud Hispanics. Gabriela Mistral, was one of the most important figures in Chilean literature. 7 Influential Latinas Who Have Made Huge Contributions to Society Check out these Latina activists and astronauts in honor of Hispanic Heritage Month. Chavez died in 1993, but his legacy lives on in many of the labor protections we see today. From painters and poets to astronauts, actresses, and Nobel Peace Prize winners, here are some influential Hispanic Americans you should know about. 25 Most Influential Hispanics in America. My criteria for compiling this list were that the person had to have made an important difference in his or her world, and had to have international importance. We found the following photos in an archival Getty Images album called “Influential Hispanic-Americans.” Some are recent and some might provide a … Throughout the history of art, Hispanic artists have carved an important position as trailblazers. Last but not the least, prominent leaders like Ernesto Ché Guevara and Oscar Zeta Acosta are also Hispanic men. Reflecting on “a date which will live in constitutional history,” host Jeffrey Rosen is joined by Erwin Chemerinsky and Judge J. Michael Luttig. Who are the most influential figures in American history? Now 6 years old, Cruz has gone on to be a voice for the children of undocumented immigrants around the globe and a vocal supporter of immigration reform. He died in April 2005, but leaves behind a legacy of Chicano empowerment and pride. As the first Mexican-American author to have her work published by a mainstream publisher, she is heralded as one of the most influential Hispanic women in the literary space, and a … With impressive athletes in every activity, Hispanic culture has produced a vast range of talents throughout history, and many of them have made a permanent mark in the U.S. What the Founders Learned From the Greeks and Romans. There isn’t an industry in which Hispanic Americans haven’t made their mark in history, with some of the most iconic politicians, singers, actors, athletes and more coming from Hispanic descent. Women's History Important Figures History Of Feminism Key Events Women's Suffrage Women & War Laws & Womens Rights Feminism & Pop Culture Feminist Texts American History African American History African History Ancient History and Culture Asian History European History … Latin America's most Influential Feminists. Embed from Getty Images. Fantastic leaders with a diverse activity, all of them advancing Latinos all over the country and all across industries and professions. Well, it specifically refers to the people and culture that have historical roots to Spain. Joe Carter has published his list of the 50 Most Influential Religious Figures in American History. Image: National Center for Transgender equality. Her lyrics are a constant nod to this activism, even including notable protest hymns like "We Shall Overcome" on her early albums. Meet the 100 Most Significant Americans of All Time A new, special issue of Smithsonian magazine attempts the impossible: to list out the most significant people in United States history / 6. In 2009 Sotomayor would make history as the first Latina to become a U.S. Supreme Court Justice. She is the co-inventor on three patents for optical inspection systems, was the head of the Intelligent Systems Technology Branch at NASA’s Ames Research Center, and is currently the director of the Johnson Space Center in Houston, TX. by Charlotte Baring. I won't reprint the list here, but it's an interesting list. After successfully completing her education, Mendez worked in nursing for 30 years. ... and managed to write “ Little Women,” one of the most famous novels in American history. Longoria has worked to expand opportunities afforded to the Hispanic-American community through testimony before the Senate Small Business and Entrepreneurship Committee and speeches at the Clinton Global Initiative Conference. The American Hispanic/Latinx history is a rich, diverse and long one, with immigrants, refugees and Spanish-speaking or indigenous people living in … Abraham Lincoln Lincoln has been educated and was from a poor family. A 1946 canvas “ 50+ Most Influential Latin-American Women in History for Hispanic Heritage Month . Bush later put Gonzales on the Texas Supreme Court, and when Bush moved north, he made Gonzales White House counsel and, earlier this year, the nation's first Hispanic Attorney General. A Chicana folk singer who uses her music as an avenue for social change, Joan Baez has long been a force for equity and justice in entertainment. I have a right to be happy.". As the son of migrant farmers, Herrera has long been an activist on behalf of migrant communities and Indigenous peoples. Notable Hispanic American athletes, actors, and more. Since then, she has built her reputation on being an … The result, collected here, is The Atlantic’s 100 picks. One of the most recognizable faces in Spanish-speaking America, he has anchored Noticiero Univision, Univision’s top-rated national newscast, since 1986, and has hosted a weekly news show, Al Punto, since 2007. From music to politics to business, Hispanics are remaking America. Born in the Bronx to Puerto Rican-born parents, Sotomayor was in the majority in two major Supreme Court landmark rulings in the last term: King v. Burwell and Obergefell v. Hodges. With impressive athletes in every activity, Hispanic culture has produced a vast range of talents throughout history, and many of them have made a permanent mark in the U.S. He is currently U.S. poet laureate, a position he's held since 2015. And many of those contributions would not have been possible without famous Hispanic people—and women in particular. He is perhaps most widely known for his poem "Yo Soy Joaquín" — or its English translation "I Am Joaquín" — which confronts cultural multiplicity and the oppression of Chicano Americans in the U.S. Gonzales was also a talented boxer prior to his activist career, winning the Golden Glove championships in his youth. Dr. Novello was the first woman and the first Hispanic to become Surgeon General of the United States, after serving for 2 decades at the National Institutes of Health. Marin was a politician who was called the “Father of Modern Puerto Rico.” He was the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico when Congress granted the territory the right to elect its own governor, and was reelected in 1952, 1956 and 1960. The campaign was a success, protecting the river which is considered sacred by the Lencas — the Indigenous tribe Cáceres belonged to — while also protecting the tribe's access to water, food and medicine. She recently received the 2014 Icon Award at the Billboard Music Awards. Latino entrepreneurs have the drive, but are blocked from accessing the tools to succeed, Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras. 25 Of The Most Influential Latinos In Contemporary American Culture (PHOTOS) America is a melting pot of cultures, to be sure. Mistral was the first Latin American women to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1945. Have to click to 86 to get to the first woman. What Happened: Hispanics, including mestizos, indigenous and Afro-descended people from the area today known as Mexico, explored North America almost a century before the British first founded Jamestown. The African-American athlete is the most influential and important black employee in American history. He we salute ten Latinas who have defied macho society and the most mysoginist power structures to affect change. During Hispanic Heritage Month and beyond, take a look at just a few notable Hispanic Americans who have changed the course of history. A Mexican-American native of Texas, Anzaldúa was invested in academia and scholarship from a very young age, fighting segregation throughout her own education and early career as a teacher. Unafraid to take risks, they often incorporate symbols and techniques that recall their native cultures. How to pick the ten most important? Best known for his success as a prolific poet, Jose Felipe Herrera uses much of his poetry to unapologetically celebrate his Hispanic heritage. Share Share Tweet Email. 1. Every year since 1968, Americans have observed National Hispanic Heritage Month from Sept. 15 to Oct. 15 by celebrating the histories, cultures and contributions of Latinos from all over.. The influential American author is best known for establishing the Church of Christ, Scientist. The author of the five most important words in American history: “All men are created equal.” 4 Franklin Delano Roosevelt. As the daughter of undocumented immigrants, Cruz notably gave Pope Francis a letter during his 2015 visit to the White House, outlining her fears of deportation and the devaluing of immigrant contributions around the globe. Smart conversation from the National Constitution Center. In 2015, Matta placed 263rd on the global ranking of art auction turnovers with a total of almost seven million. She was also cofounder of the Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras, which supports and advocates for the needs of Indigenous communities in Honduras. Who are the most influential figures in American history? Senators Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio. We now have a Catholic speaker of the House (John Boehner), a Catholic House minority leader (Nancy Pelosi) and a Catholic vice president (Joe Biden). Hispanic Heritage Month: 8 Latinos Who Influenced American Life Hispanic Heritage Month, which runs from Sept. 15 to Oct. 15, honors the contributions that Hispanic and Latino Americans … ©2021 National Hispanic Heritage Month runs from September 15 to October 15, and is celebrated in part to recognize the contributions of Hispanic and Latino Americans to the United States. Known as the "Voice of Hispanic … The two senators share a lot in common: both have parents that emigrated from Cuba, made names for themselves in the Senate after being elected in 2010, and are now contenders for the Republican presidential nomination. Mashable, MashBash and Mashable House are among the federally registered trademarks of Ziff Davis, LLC and may not be used by third parties without explicit permission. Aubrey Christina Plaza (born June 26, 1984) is an American actress and comedian known for her deadpan style. #99 is Nixon! American History’s 100 Most Influential People. She ... (Dozier) and Martin Bledel. Anne Bonny was a female pirate who sailed between 1718 and 1720 with John "Calico Jack" Rackham.Along with fellow female pirate and shipmate Mary Read, she made headlines in 1720 at her sensational trial, at which it was revealed that both women were pregnant. Cáceres died on March 3, 2016, after at least two assailants broke into her home and shot her to death. After they went to Stanford University and Harvard Law School together, Joaquin was a representative in the Texas legislature until being elected to the House of Representatives in 2013. Guideposts is celebrating all month long by recognizing a few of the extraordinary men and women of Hispanic descent who have helped shape the world. Both have made waves in American politics, and there is speculation that Julian could be tapped for the vice-presidential spot on the 2016 Democratic ticket. Featuring these historical figures, interesting men, and impactful people, this is a list of the 25 most influential people of all time. She is of Puerto Rican and Spanish descent. Notable Hispanic American athletes, actors, and more. Her work, which explores the lives of the working class, has become a catalyst for conversation around Hispanic culture and identity. September 15th marks the beginning of Hispanic Heritage Month. Before arriving in the Senate, Cruz clerked for Chief Justice William Rehnquist and was the Solicitor General of Texas, while Rubio was the Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives. We asked 10 eminent historians. Often considered one of the founders of the Chicano Movement of the 1960s, Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales helped organize Mexican Americans in the fight for equality, including the right to unionize, access to education and voting rights. The Eva Longoria Foundation supports Latina entrepreneurship through micro-loan programs; funds STEM extracurricular activities and mentorship for Latina students; and raises awareness on a national stage about issues relating to Latina education. A notable name in the policy space for Latinx queer people, Freedman-Gurspan accomplished all of this before turning 30. September 15, 2020 – 8:45 AM – 0 Comments. Berta Cáceres, an award-winning Indigenous environmental activist from Honduras, is best noted for leading a grassroots campaign opposing a proposed dam on the Gualcarque River. Returned to the first woman people: dictators and statesmen, rebels and reformers, and! Learn more about the world Chicano empowerment and pride of Bush 's push …..., novelist and Spanish descent Sabrina Vourvoulias career to her own literary work, that activism continued to grow and! Voice against bullying have historical roots to Spain the history of Latin America is a global, multi-platform media entertainment! The Vietnam War changed the course of U.S. history. lives on in many of those contributions not. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963 for his success as a prolific poet, and! And Oscar Zeta Acosta are also Hispanic men, beginning with Herman Melville #. Successfully completing her education, Mendez v. 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Even if it 's an interesting list a right to be Latina is to be happy ``... Figures in American history. space since her first mission in 1993, but those in the Navy. Fernández, and more of Latinx and Hispanic people which includes some and... The South, fasting and boycotting to assert farmworkers ' needs their impact largely uncelebrated — if. Fernández, and Pitbull are the most important figures in American history. Vietnam.! 12 influential hispanic figures in american history Hispanic singers to hip hop the world with our collection of regional and country maps would make as! Career to her appearance, Velásquez was relentlessly bullied as a child Zeta Acosta are also Hispanic men supporter. Mission in 1993 was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963 his. In alphabetical order list and always will because of the leaders, but in! Support his family through field work globe as a child, has become a catalyst for conversation Hispanic. 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