In Bangladesh, more than 2 million people were evacuated from their homes, and in West Bengal and Odisha, a further half a million people were evacuated to decrease the life threats.. Natural calamities like Cyclone, flood, drought etc. This cyclone killed 9,000-10,000 people when it made its landfall on October 19, 1999 with 155 mph winds and a storm surge of 26 feet (8 metre). It proceeded to hit the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha. The whole of southern Odisha, however, was severely affected by the storm because of strong wind and heavy rainfall during the landfall and its aftermath. As far as lightning strikes in Odisha are concerned, … A big difference between the strengths of cyclones in April-May and October-December is that the former originate in situ in the Bay of Bengal itself, barely a few hundred kilometres from the landmass. Since SSTs are high during summer months and conditions are favorable for cyclone formation in May and June. * Cyclone Fani crossed the Odisha coast near Puri by Friday evening and by midnight to Saturday early morning the storm is likely to enter West Bengal with a wind speed of 90-100 kmph gusting to 115 kmph. Districts in West Bengal, including east and west Mednipore, south and north 24 Parganas, Howrah, Hoogli and Kolkata would be affected severely. The storm maintained this intensity as it made landfall on Odisha on 29 October. There have been only 14 instances of a “severe cyclone” forming in the Bay of Bengal region in April since 1891, and only one of them, which formed in 1956, touched the Indian mainland. The torrential rain due to super cyclone led to 45 cm to 95 cm of rainfall and hence affected 14 coastal districts, 28 coastal towns along with the twin cities of Cuttack and Bhubaneshwar. Text Size: A-A+. Gopalpur in Odisha reported surface wind at 126 kmph and at Kalingapatnam in Andhra Pradesh recorded wind speed of 56 kmph. It is very clear that the Odisha state is losing a huge amount of capital in almost every year due to the natural calamities and thereby causing poverty in the State. It is a cyclone-prone state and it is hit by a storm mostly during the season between October and November. Heavy rain lashes 6 districts of Odisha. The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) has deployed 17 teams to Odisha and West Bengal as the Cyclone Amphan approaches | NewsBytes Super Cyclone Amphan became the strongest storm ever recorded in the Bay of Bengal on May 18, after intensifying with sustained wind speeds of up to 270 kilometers per hour (165 miles per hours). Now the condition is getting better due to advanced cyclonic measures by the government in order to avoid situations faced alike in 1999 Super Cyclone which took years to undo. Recovering from these losses is a big challenge. Air rushes to fill the space in and this air, in turn, rises with humidity, creating a cycle of warm, moist air rising up. After the 1999 Odisha Cyclone, Cyclone Phailin was the most intensified cyclone to make a landfall in India. On Saturday, the National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) reviewed the preparedness for the cyclone, which is likely to hit Odisha and West Bengal coast, and directed immediate assistance to the two states. Cyclone in Odisha Latest Breaking News, Pictures, Videos, and Special Reports from The Economic Times. Cyclone Amphan is a very powerful tropical cyclone of 2020 raising over the Bay of Bengal around the state of Odisha and West Bengal in India. Before that, there was the 1999 Odisha Cyclone — the strongest recorded cyclone ever in the North Indian Ocean. Fani rapidly intensified into an extremely severe cyclonic storm and reached its peak intensity on 2 May. The pace of the wind was so high that the anemometer at Paradeep had failed to record it. The post-monsoon (October–December) season sees many more cyclones than the pre-monsoon (March–May) season, as hot dry air moves from land to ocean. Stating that cyclones occur due to depressions in the ocean, and certain areas like the coastal Odisha and the Nagapattinam area of Tamil Nadu visited by cyclones more frequently, eminent scientist and father of India’s Green Revolution M.S. Because the geographical location of Odisha puts it in the prime path of the the retreating Northern East monsoon during October, when rainy season ends. The 1999 Odisha Cyclone was one of the most intense and the most destructive cyclone in the North Indian Ocean. That super cyclone hit near Odisha’s port town of Paradeep in the early hours of October 29 and ravaged large parts of coastal areas, leading to at least 10,000 deaths, . Such cyclones and storms in the Bay of Bengal region, mainly travel in the northwest direction, upward owing to the shape of the Indian landmass. November 13, 2019. Bhubaneswar: What a stormy year 2020 has been so far! Amphan has weakened slightly since, but the storm is still being designated as an 'extremely severe cyclone'. Cyclone Amphan, one of the worst storms over the Bay of Bengal in years, has slammed into Bengal and Odisha, bringing with it heavy rain, winds and … See also. Despite the frequency and damages caused by the cyclones, very little has been done to track and understand their economic impact. The severity of the Super Cyclone of 29 October, 1999 was devastating. On 20th May, at 2:30 PM, Cyclone Amphan made landfall near Bakhali, in West Bengal battering the area with strong winds and heavy rains. The name of the storm was given after the national bird of Israel, on the suggestion of Oman. Main roads of the capital city got filled with scattered trees and electric poles, the roof of the railway station was torn off, the glass doors of buildings were broken, houses were damaged by Fani. This kind of damage causes huge losses to livelihoods and the local economy. Fani weakened before making its landfall and dissipating on the next day. Seven ethereal mountain ranges of India that stand tall, Sanjita Mohapatra of Odisha secures the 10th rank in UPSC, Ratha Jatra- The Festival that the entire universe celebrates, Ganesh Chaturthi: Celebrating the God of wisdom, Engineer’s Day: Marking the birth anniversary of M. Visvesvaraya, 10 scientists who never won a Nobel Prize, in spite of their huge contributions, Madhya Kshetra Vidyut Vitaran Company, the first to adopt e-office system, 12 Inspirational Quotes by Legendary Bollywood Actor Irrfan Khan, Read, write and express this International Literacy Day, Export Preparedness Index 2020 – Gujarat bags top position. Cyclone Titli also induced torrential rain in three districts and caused minor damage to power and communication. Cyclone Fani which made a landfall in Odisha coast in May this year was not just a severe cyclone but an “extremely severe cyclone”. Author: Cavin, Rating: 3/5 based on 3 reviews, Price: $5/page. The Orissa cyclone in the year of 1999 was the strongest storm to hit the Indian coast and also the strongest tropical cyclones that affected India, Here is the list of strong tropical cyclones that affected India. Cyclone Lehar 2013. The Super Cyclonic Storm Amphan is the first super cyclonic storm and also the first pre monsoon super cyclone of this … Updated: Oct 14, 2020, 06.22 AM IST. An intense cyclone struck Odisha. Fishermen in Odisha on Monday. The State of Odisha, gets hit by an average of one major aggressive storms every year. Patnaik emphasised that Fani was one of the rarest of rare cyclones during summer time – the first in 43 years to hit Odisha in summer and one of the 3 to hit the state during this season in the last 150 years. Cyclone Fani made landfall Friday near the city of Puri, in Odisha state, as the equivalent of a Category 4 hurricane, lashing the country's east coast. The cyclone organised into a depression on 25 October in Andaman Sea and intensified rapidly on the next day, leading to a super cyclonic storm on 28 October. Watch Queue Queue Whereas on the Eastern coast, cyclones are fierce with a flatter landscape that is unable to sidetrack the winds which ease motions of wind towards the land. Odisha, which has been ravaged by a string of cyclones over the last few years, including the cyclone Fani last year, has made arrangements to shift 11 … Improved weather forecast and early evacuation has consistently reduced damage caused by cyclones throughout the state. You have entered an incorrect email address! Some of these are, increasing sea surface temperatures that can make cyclones more powerful, increasing the rainfall intensity during the storm and rising sea levels, which increases the distance inland that storm surges reach, reported IANS. People don’t have insurance to claim on damage that is done to crops, goods or livestock. Linkedin. Luckily, no life loss was faced. It formed in the Bay of Bengal and intensified into a ''super cyclonic storm'', the first since the super cyclone of Odisha that had ravaged the state in 1999, killing thousands. … This article contains information and facts of Cyclone Phailin in Orisha (Orissa). Two lives were lost and power infrastructure was damaged as four coastal districts bore the brunt of the cyclone in Odisha. The cyclone originated from about 550 km east of the Andaman and Nicobar islands covering a diameter of 200 km. Also, it has outgrown itself from the lows of the heavy tides to flourish every time the waves washed the beauty of the state and turned it into ruins. The wind speed was about 190 kmph, before heading towards Kolkata, one of the metro cities. It is unlikely to make a landfall in Odisha, but the state should brace for heavy to very heavy rainfall in its coastal and northern districts in the next two days, HR Biswas, the director of Bhubaneswar Meteorological Centre, said. The estimated damages were approximated to a … Cyclone Fani which made a landfall in Odisha coast in May this year was not just a severe cyclone but an “extremely severe cyclone”. Of the 36 deadliest tropical cyclones all over the world, Eastern India has witnessed 27 of them. The people of eastern coastal districts of Jagatsinghpur, Puri, Ganjam, Balasore, Bhadrak, and Kendrapada were forced to evacuate their places, as these coastal areas were razed by the super cyclone for 3 days that was accompanied with the torrential rain. (PTI Photo) Cyclone Fani in Odisha: In situ origins. Odisha isn’t alone to suffer the wrath of tropical cyclones. While Odisha had the first impact of a Super Cyclone way back on … Cyclonic Storm Amphan is a strong tropical cyclone over the Bay of Bengal threatening East India as well as Bangladesh. Over 550000 people were moved up from the coastline in Odisha and Andhra Pradesh while total losses estimated at Rs 260 billion. Shortly before landfall near Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, on October 12, Hudhud reached its peak strength with three-minute wind speeds of 185 km/h (115 mph). The storm would further weaken by afternoon or evening on Sunday and move to Bangladesh with a wind speed of 60-70 kmph. Phailin is considered as the strongest cyclone after 1999 Super Cyclone in 14 years duration. Bengaluru: Cyclone Fani (pronounced ‘foni’) is currently edging closer to Odisha, as the state prepares for the onslaught Friday. Since 2018, Odisha had been witnessing the fury of two cyclones. cyclones in odisha #cyclone #cyclone in odisha #amphan #fani #titli #cyclone in odisha #1999 cyclone #hudhud #phailin. Arrangements for the stay of Migrants nelonging to coastal districtslikely to be affected by cyclone ‘AMPHAN’ entering to the state through Border Check Points. It has already evacuated 800,000 people amid other emergency measures. Representational Image | Women from a self-help group making masks | ANI. The following cyclones about which we have information are: On 29th October 1999, at 10:30 AM Odisha was smacked by a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm with a wind speed of 300 mph, which makes it the greatest cyclonic catastrophe in the last century. Cyclone Fani. The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) identified the cyclone when it was at its low-pressure storage over the Gulf of Siam, five days prior to the landfall, on 24th October 1999. OdishaPlus helps you make sense of the news. After landfall, the winds raged up to 270 kmph for over 36 hours. (PTI Photo) Cyclone Fani in Odisha: In situ origins. Though it has huge marine, mineral, and tourism potential, it’s very much dependent on primary resources, like agriculture, fishing, forestry, and mines. Cyclones are no stranger to Odisha, they never were. Winds gusting upto 200 kmph brought terrible destruction and a trail of devastation when it made landfall in the state on 3 rd of May, 2019. Technology has developed a lot but unfortunately no body has control over the natural calamity.what we can do is awareness about the cyclone from which preparedness can be done to minimise the impacts. The landfall point was between Ersama and Balikuda of Jagatsinghpur district. Cyclone 'Bulbul', moving at a speed of 7 kmph, was currently centred over east-central Bay of Bengal, about 730 km south-southeast of Paradip in Odisha and 830 km south-southeast of Sagar Islands in West Bengal, according to the director of Bhubaneswar Meteorological Centre, HR Biswas. Why is Microcredit Necessary for Transgender People? The wind speed was estimated up to 140-150 kmph but after landfall, it gushed up to 165 kmph. Cyclone Titli was named by Pakistan. Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Fani was the strongest tropical cyclone to strike the Indian state of Odisha since the 1999 Odisha cyclone. Cyclones are not new to Odisha and the state has seen some of the most devastating cyclones ever in Indian history. The cyclone was of Category 4 Hurricane which killed 23 people and affected 9 million localities. This cyclone killed 9,000-10,000 people when it made its landfall on October 19, 1999 with 155 mph winds and a storm surge of 26 feet (8 metre). The Lost Possibility of a Self-Reliant India: Remembering the Loknayak, Politics of farm sector reforms (Part-I): Tale of the Painful Colonisation…, Amid COVID-19 scare, CBI raids stir uproar in the political arena, COVID-19 scare: Virus gets the better of politicians. Odisha is a common landfall destination of tropical cyclones over the Bay of Bengal. Every time Cyclone hits land it leaves thousands of people homeless, without electricity, drinking water, food supply for a number of days. With this Odisha sighed a relief as the state did not have to face much damage. Odisha needs to invest more strategically, for prevention and to decrease the costs of future disasters. Views expressed are personal). Sanjita Mohapatra of Odisha made the state proud by winning laurels by securing the 10th rank in the prestigious Union Public Service... ‘Jagannathah svami nayana-patha-gami bhavatu me’ Hudhud intensified into a cyclonic storm on October 8 and as a Severe Cyclonic Storm on October 9. The government evacuated more than a million people ahead of landfall to avoid the alike death toll during the 1999 Super Cyclone. In the aftermath of Cyclone Fani, one of the worst cyclones to hit India’s eastern coastline, the state of Odisha has proved it is one of the most disaster-ready states in the world. It approached the Indian state of Odisha and made landfall later that day, near Gopalpur in Odisha coast, at around 2230 IST on October 12. December 2020: Adieu 2020. The formal death toll reached to 9885 people while the unofficial sources estimated over 50000 deaths. ‘Construction of Cyclone Relief Centres’, is a lesson from the instance of the Super-Cyclone of 1999. 7th October- 12th October 1737 – Super Cyclone (It crossed West Bengal coast over Sunderbans), 31st October 1831 – Very Severe Cyclonic Storm (It crossed Odisha Coast near Balasore that resulted in 50,000 deaths), 2nd October- 5th October 1846 – Very Severe Cyclonic Storm (It crossed West Bengal coast near Contai), 1st November- 2nd November 1864 – Very Severe Cyclonic Storm (It crossed Andhra Pradesh near Machlipatnam), 22nd September 1885 – Super Cyclone (It crossed Odisha coast at False Point that resulted in 5000 deaths), 14th October- 16th October 1942 – Very Severe Cyclonic Storm (It crossed West Bengal coast near Contai), 8th October- 11th October 1967 – Very Severe Cyclonic Storm (It crossed Odisha Coast between Puri and Paradeep), 26th October- 30th October 1971 – Very Severe Cyclonic Storm (It crossed Odisha coast near Paradeep becoming the cause of the death of 10000 people). Still, three people died during the evacuation process. The Cyclone Amphan, which barrelled through the Odisha coast on 20th May, leaving behind a trail of destruction in the shape of damaged houses, uprooted trees and flattened electricity poles, has compounded the miseries. The cyclone warning also comes a fortnight after six people were killed in rains that battered Odisha under the impact of a low-pressure area. Despite all these damage to properties, no loss of life was reported. Case study of super cyclone in orissa 1999. A big difference between the strengths of cyclones in April-May and October-December is that the former originate in situ in the Bay of Bengal itself, barely a few hundred kilometres from the landmass. Cyclone Fani, which is approaching the Odisha coast, has turned into an "extremely severe cyclonic" storm, the Navy said late last night. It is a cyclone-prone state and it is hit by a storm mostly during the season between October and November. Nevertheless, a lot has changed since the 1999 Odisha Cyclone. Tracking westward, the disturbance encountered a more favorable environment in the South China Sea; as a result, thunderstorm activity began to increase. Cyclone Fani: Authorities in Odisha also advised tourists to leave Puri by tomorrow evening and cancel non-essential travel to the districts likely to be affected on May 3 and May 4. Odisha faced Super Cyclone on October 29-31, 1999, which crossed near Paradip on October 29, 1999 devastating the State, which resulted in killing of over 10,000 people. The geography and topography of Odisha plays a big role in acting as a magnetic field for tropical cyclones. It is due to Sun’s warm air and moisture rise up from the surface of warm oceanic waters. Odisha was covered in devastation, after the deadliest cyclonic storm, Fani, also known as ‘Hood of Snake’, hit Eastern India, majorly Odisha, earlier this month. Cyclone Amphan makes landfall in West Bengal, NDRF teams take Covid-19 precautions 21 May, 2020, 01.36 PM IST. EXCERPT: Chapter 7 on cyclones lists characteristics of cyclone and how to mitigate cyclones , besides a case study of Orissa Super Cyclone 1999 . Over the years, Orissa has witnessed a trend decline in the incidence of poverty. Fani will be the second severe April cyclone in almost 120 years to hit India as it moves along a familiar route to make landfall in Odisha. India's eastern coast has a long history of devastating cyclones. It is due to Sun’s warm air and moisture rise up from the surface of warm oceanic waters. The fierce storm of the Bay of Bengal, Amphan entered into East India and Bangladesh bringing heavy gale, torrential rain and flooding. Twitter. Still, torrential rain showered in the southern parts of Odisha created a flood-like situation in rivers like Banshadhara, Rushikulya, and Nagavali. Tropical Cyclones are those that are formed between the two tropics and rotate in the anti-clockwise direction. Ganesh Chaturthi is a time to pray to the Lord who is known to be the remover of all obstacles from our... Every other home in India has an engineer, producing the largest percentage of engineers in the world. Odisha is also designated as the national capital of disaster. WhatsApp . Prompted by these changes, the Joint Ty… The 1999 Odisha cyclone organized into a tropical depression in the Andaman Sea on 25 October, the storm rapidly intensified, attaining super cyclonic storm intensity on 28 October, before peaking on the next day with winds of 260 km/h (160 mph). The above timeline of cyclones has the ones about which we do not have detailed information. it killed one person. After landfall, the wind speed raged up to 250 kmph along with torrential rain which tumbled trees and electric poles along 250 miles of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha coastlines. Mountains are... You have entered an incorrect email address! Hudhud underwent rapid deepening in the following days and was classified as a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm by the IMD. 7. Phailin intensified rapidly and became a very severe cyclonic storm on October 10. The Bay of Bengal usually records at least five cyclones in a year, out of which one is formed during the May-June period and the other four are formed during October-December period. A few cyclones are also formed during monsoon months (June and September). The cyclone warning also comes a fortnight after six people were killed in rains that battered Odisha under the impact of … Chief Wildlife Warden Ravi Kant Sinha said a control room had been set up at Gosaba in the district to monitor the situation in the mangrove jungles 24x7. There have been only 14 instances of a “severe cyclone” forming in the Bay of Bengal region in April since 1891, and only one of them, which formed in 1956, touched the Indian mainland. The likelihood of a cyclonic storm in the region comes barely six months after cyclone Fani devastated coastal Odisha on May 3, claiming around 64 lives. cyclones in odisha #odisha cyclone. On the 11th of October 2018, at 5:45 AM, Cyclone Titli made its landfall in Odisha’s Ganjam and Gajapati, uprooting trees, power lines, and damaged hutments. After its landfall in Odisha, the cyclonic progression moved towards west Bengal and gradually weakened with a wind pace of 90-100 kmph. #cyclones in odisha. With its lowest central pressure at 940 mbar, the Cyclone Phailin led to India’s biggest evacuation in 23 years. (May it be so that Lord Jagannath be the object of my vision.). On 12th October 2014, with a wind pace of 215 kmph, Hudhud crossed the coast of Andhra Pradesh at the noon. 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